updated 7/20/2005 12:05:40 AM ET 2005-07-20T04:05:40

Today is Wednesday, July 20, the 201st day of 2005. There are 164 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On July 20, 1969, Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin became the first men to walk on the moon as they stepped out of their lunar module.

On this date:
In 1810, Colombia declared independence from Spain.

In 1861, the Congress of the Confederate States began holding sessions in Richmond, Va.

In 1871, British Columbia entered Confederation as a Canadian province.

In 1881, Sioux Indian leader Sitting Bull, a fugitive since the Battle of the Little Big Horn, surrendered to federal troops.

In 1942, the first detachment of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps — later known as WACs — began basic training at Fort Des Moines, Iowa.

In 1944, an attempt by a group of German officials to assassinate Adolf Hitler with a bomb failed as the explosion at Hitler’s Rastenburg headquarters only wounded the Nazi leader.

In 1944, President Roosevelt was nominated for an unprecedented fourth term of office at the Democratic convention in Chicago.

In 1976, America’s Viking One robot spacecraft made a successful, first-ever landing on Mars.

In 1977, a flash flood hit Johnstown, Pa., killing 80 people and causing $350 million worth of damage.

In 1999, after 38 years at the bottom of the Atlantic, astronaut Gus Grissom’s Liberty Bell 7 Mercury capsule was lifted to the surface.

Ten years ago: Leaders of the University of California voted to drop affirmative action policies on admissions and hiring. Baseball Hall-of-Famers Duke Snider and Willie McCovey pleaded guilty in New York to tax evasion.

Five years ago: The Mideast summit, resurrected only hours after its reported demise, moved forward with Secretary of State Madeleine Albright stepping in for President Clinton, who had left for an economic summit in Japan.

One year ago: Former national security adviser Sandy Berger quit as an informal adviser to Democrat John Kerry’s presidential campaign after disclosure of a criminal investigation into whether he’d mishandled classified terrorism documents. Iraqi militants freed a Filipino truck driver after the Philippines government gave in to their demands to withdraw troops from Iraq. The head of slain American hostage Paul M. Johnson Jr. was found in a raid in Saudi Arabia. The United Nations General Assembly demanded that Israel tear down the barrier it was building to seal off the West Bank; Israel vowed to continue construction.

Today’s Birthdays: Actress-singer Sally Ann Howes is 75. Video artist Nam June Paik is 73. Rockabilly singer Sleepy LaBeef is 70. Sen. Barbara A. Mikulski, D-Md., is 69. Actress Diana Rigg is 67. Rock musician John Lodge (The Moody Blues) is 62. Country singer T.G. Shepherd is 61. Singer Kim Carnes is 59. Rock musician Carlos Santana is 58. Rock musician Paul Cook (The Sex Pistols) is 49. Actress Donna Dixon is 48. Country singer Radney Foster is 46. Actor Frank Whaley is 42. Rock singer Chris Cornell is 41. Rock musician Stone Gossard (Pearl Jam) is 39. Actor Reed Diamond is 38. Actor Josh Holloway (“Lost”) is 36. Singer Vitamin C is 36. Actor Simon Rex is 31. Actress Judy Greer is 30. Actor Charlie Korsmo is 27. Actor John Francis Daley (“Freak and Geeks”) is 20. Actress Billi Bruno (“According to Jim”) is 9.

Thought for Today: “A very great part of the mischiefs that vex this world arises from words.” — Edmund Burke, British statesman (1729-1797).

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