updated 7/27/2005 12:01:39 AM ET 2005-07-27T04:01:39

Today is Wednesday, July 27, the 208th day of 2005. There are 157 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On July 27, 1789, Congress established the Department of Foreign Affairs, the forerunner of the Department of State.

On this date:
In 1794, French revolutionary leader Maximilien Robespierre was overthrown and placed under arrest; he was executed the following day.

In 1861, Union Gen. George B. McClellan was put in command of the Army of the Potomac.

In 1866, Cyrus W. Field finally succeeded, after two failures, in laying the first underwater telegraph cable between North America and Europe.

In 1953, the Korean War armistice was signed at Panmunjom, ending three years of fighting.

In 1960, Vice President Richard M. Nixon was nominated for president at the Republican National Convention in Chicago.

In 1974, the House Judiciary Committee voted 27-11 to recommend President Nixon’s impeachment on a charge that he had personally engaged in a “course of conduct” designed to obstruct justice in the Watergate case.

In 1976, Air Force veteran Ray Brennan became the first person to die of so-called Legionnaire’s Disease following an American Legion convention in Philadelphia.

In 1980, on day 267 of the Iranian hostage crisis, the deposed Shah of Iran died at a military hospital outside Cairo, Egypt, at age 60.

In 1996, terror struck the Atlanta Olympics as a pipe bomb exploded at Centennial Olympic Park, killing one person and injuring more than 100.

In 2003, comedian Bob Hope died in Toluca Lake, Calif., at age 100.

Ten years ago: The Korean War Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington by President Clinton and South Korean President Kim Young-sam.

Five years ago: Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic called presidential, parliamentary and local elections for the following September. (The election would result in Milosevic’s fall from power.)

One year ago: Democrats assailed President Bush’s handling of the Iraq war at their convention in Boston and painted a vivid portrait of John Kerry as a decorated war hero. The candidate’s wife, Teresa Heinz Kerry, told the gathering: “He earned his medals the old-fashioned way, by putting his life on the line.”

Today’s Birthdays: TV producer Norman Lear is 83. Rhythm-and-blues singer Harvey Fuqua is 76. Actor Jerry Van Dyke is 74. Sportscaster Irv Cross is 66. Actor John Pleshette is 63. Singer Bobbie Gentry is 61. Actress-director Betty Thomas is 57. Olympic gold medal figure skater Peggy Fleming is 57. Actor Maury Chaykin is 56. Singer Maureen McGovern is 56. Actress Janet Eilber is 54. Actress Roxanne Hart is 53. Country musician Duncan Cameron (Sawyer Brown) is 49. Comedian Bill Engvall is 48. Jazz singer Karrin Allyson is 43. Country singer Stacy Dean Campbell is 38. Rock singer Juliana Hatfield is 38. Actor Julian McMahon is 37. Comedian Maya Rudolph is 33. Singer-songwriter Pete Yorn is 31. Actor Jonathan Rhys Meyers is 28.

Thought for Today: “When a diplomat says yes he means perhaps; when he says perhaps he means no; when he says no he is no diplomat.” — Anonymous.

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