updated 8/4/2005 12:03:16 AM ET 2005-08-04T04:03:16

Today is Thursday, Aug. 4, the 216th day of 2005. There are 149 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On Aug. 4, 1944, Nazi police raided the secret annex of a building in Amsterdam and arrested eight people, including 15-year-old Anne Frank, whose diary became a famous Holocaust-era account. (She died at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.)

On this date:
In 1735, a jury acquitted John Peter Zenger of the New York Weekly Journal of seditious libel.

In 1790, the Coast Guard had its beginnings as the Revenue Cutter Service.

In 1792, English romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley was born in Field Place, England.

In 1830, plans for the city of Chicago were laid out.

In 1892, Andrew and Abby Borden were axed to death in their home in Fall River, Mass. Lizzie Borden, Andrew Borden’s daughter from a previous marriage, was accused of the killings, but acquitted at trial.

In 1914, Britain declared war on Germany while the United States proclaimed its neutrality.

In 1916, the United States purchased the Danish Virgin Islands for $25 million.

In 1964, the bodies of missing civil rights workers Michael H. Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James E. Chaney were found buried in an earthen dam in Mississippi.

In 1977, President Carter signed a measure establishing the Department of Energy.

In 1985, a pair of milestones were achieved in major league baseball as Tom Seaver of the Chicago White Sox gained his 300th victory and Rod Carew of the California Angels got his 3,000th hit.

Ten years ago: Croat forces launched a massive attack on breakaway Serbs in their self-proclaimed capital of Knin.

Five years ago: Fresh from the Republican National Convention in Philadelphia, GOP presidential nominee George W. Bush and running mate Dick Cheney began an air and rail tour of four swing states: Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan and Illinois. For his part, Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore mocked the Republican gathering as a special-interests-sponsored sham.

One year ago: Richard Smith, a Staten Island ferry pilot, pleaded guilty to manslaughter charges in a crash that killed 11 commuters the previous October, acknowledging that he’d passed out at the helm after arriving at work with medication in his system. Former teacher Mary Kay Letourneau, convicted of having sex with a sixth-grade pupil, was released from a Washington state prison.

Today’s Birthdays: Journalist Helen Thomas is 85. Singer Frankie Ford is 66. Actor-comedian Richard Belzer is 61. Actor-screenwriter Billy Bob Thornton is 50. Track star Mary Decker Slaney is 47. TV producer Michael Gelman (“Live with Regis and Kelly”) is 44. Baseball pitcher Roger Clemens is 43. Rock musician Rob Cieka (Boo Radleys) is 37. Actor Michael DeLuise is 36. Actor Andy Hallett (“Angel”) is 30. Rhythm-and-blues singer-actor Marques Houston is 24. Actor Dylan and Cole Sprouse are 13.

Thought for Today: “New opinions are always suspected, and usually opposed, without any other reason but because they are not already common.” — John Locke, English philosopher (1632-1704).

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