updated 8/30/2005 12:03:10 AM ET 2005-08-30T04:03:10

Today is Tuesday, Aug. 30, the 242nd day of 2005. There are 123 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
One hundred years ago, on Aug. 30, 1905, Ty Cobb made his major-league debut as a player for the Detroit Tigers, hitting a double in his first at-bat in a game against the New York Highlanders. (The Tigers won, 5-3.)

On this date:
In 30 B.C. (on Aug. 30, by some estimates), the seventh and most famous queen of ancient Egypt known as “Cleopatra” committed suicide.

In 1797, the creator of “Frankenstein,” Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, was born in London.

In 1862, Union forces were defeated by the Confederates at the Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Va.

In 1941, the World War II siege of Leningrad began as Nazi forces took Mga.

In 1945, Gen. Douglas MacArthur arrived in Japan, and set up Allied occupation headquarters.

In 1963, the “Hot Line” communications link between Washington and Moscow went into operation.

In 1967, the Senate confirmed the appointment of Thurgood Marshall as the first black justice on the Supreme Court.

In 1983, Guion S. Bluford Jr. became the first black American astronaut to travel in space, blasting off aboard the Challenger.

In 1991, Azerbaijan declared its independence, joining the stampede of republics seeking to secede from the Soviet Union.

In 1997, Americans learned of the car crash in Paris that claimed the lives of Princess Diana, Dodi Fayed and their driver, Henri Paul. (Because of the time difference, it was Aug. 31 where the crash occurred.)

Ten years ago: The West pounded the Bosnian Serbs with artillery and air attacks in hopes of bludgeoning them into serious peace talks. At a lavish opening ceremony in Beijing, organizers of a major women’s conference vowed to fight for empowerment and equality.

Five years ago: During a visit to Colombia, President Clinton delivered a $1.3 billion aid package which he said would help the South American country defeat its drug traffickers.

One year ago: Republicans opened their national convention in New York, with speakers belittling Democratic Senator John Kerry as a shift-in-the-wind campaigner unworthy of the White House and lavishing praise on President Bush as a steady, decisive leader in an age of terrorism. President Bush ignited a Democratic inferno of criticism by suggesting on NBC’s “Today” show that an all-out victory against terrorism might not be possible.

Today’s Birthdays: Country singer Kitty Wells is 86. Opera singer Regina Resnik is 83. Actor Bill Daily is 77. Actress Elizabeth Ashley is 66. Actor Ben Jones is 64. Cartoonist R. Crumb is 62. Skier Jean-Claude Killy is 62. Actress Peggy Lipton is 58. Comedian Lewis Black is 57. Actor Timothy Bottoms is 54. Actor David Paymer is 51. Actor Michael Chiklis is 42. Music producer Robert Clivilles is 41. Actress Michael Michele is 39. Country musician Geoff Firebaugh (BR549) is 37. Country singer Sherrie Austin is 34. Actress Cameron Diaz is 33. Rock musician Leon Caffrey (Space) is 32. TV personality Lisa Ling is 32. Singer Rich Cronin (LFO) is 30. Rock musician Matt Taul (Tantric) is 27. Rock singer-musician Aaron Barrett (Reel Big Fish) is 25. Actor Cameron Finley is 18.

Thought for Today: “My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not.” — Proverbs 1:10.

© 2013 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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