updated 9/12/2005 12:45:29 AM ET 2005-09-12T04:45:29

Today is Monday, September 12th, the 255th day of 2005. There are 110 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On September 12th, 1609, English explorer Henry Hudson sailed into the river that now bears his name.

On this date:
In 1880, author and journalist H.L. Mencken was born in Baltimore.

In 1938, Adolf Hitler demanded self-determination for the Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia.

In 1943, German paratroopers took Benito Mussolini from the hotel where he was being held by the Italian government.

In 1944, during World War Two, U-S Army troops entered Germany for the first time, near Trier.

In 1953, Massachusetts Senator John F. Kennedy married Jacqueline Lee Bouvier in Newport, Rhode Island.

In 1960, Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy addressed the issue of his Roman Catholicism, telling a Protestant group in Houston, “I do not speak for my church on public matters, and the church does not speak for me.”

In 1974, Emperor Haile Selassie was deposed by Ethiopia’s military, after ruling for 58 years.

In 1977, South African black student leader Steven Biko died while in police custody, triggering an international outcry.

In 1986, Joseph Cicippio the acting comptroller at the American University in Beirut, was kidnapped; he was released in December 1991.

In 1988, Hurricane Gilbert slammed into Jamaica, killing 45 people and causing damage estimated at up to $1 billion.

Ten years ago: The Belarussian military shot down a hydrogen balloon during an international race, killing its two American pilots, John Stuart-Jervis and Alan Fraenckel.

Five years ago: Hillary Rodham Clinton became the first first lady to win an election as she claimed victory in the New York Democratic Senate primary, defeating little-known opponent Dr. Mark McMahon. A series of clashes between police and protesters marred a generally peaceful second day of the three-day Asia-Pacific Economic Summit in Melbourne, Australia. Dutch lawmakers gave same-sex couples the right to marriage and all the trappings, including adoption and divorce.

One year ago: U.S. Airways Group Incorporated filed for bankruptcy protection for the second time in two years. Ten people were killed in an apartment fire just outside Columbus, Ohio. Hurricane Ivan battered the Cayman Islands with ferocious 150-mile-an-hour winds. Roger Federer won the U.S. Open, defeating Lleyton Hewitt 6-0, 7-6 (3), 6-0. Playwright Jerome Chodorov died in Nyack, New York, at age 93.

Today’s Birthdays: Actress Irene Dailey is 85. Actor Dickie Moore (“Our Gang”) is 80. Actor Freddie Jones is 78. Country singer George Jones is 74. Actor Ian Holm is 74. Actress Linda Gray is 65. Singer Maria Muldaur is 62. Actor Joe Pantoliano is 54. Singer-musician Gerry Beckley (America) is 53. Rock musician Neil Peart (Rush) is 53. Actor Peter Scolari is 51. Actress Rachel Ward is 48. Actress Amy Yasbeck is 43. Rock musician Norwood Fisher (Fishbone) is 40. Actor Darren E. Burrows is 39. Rock singer-musician Ben Folds (Ben Folds Five) is 39. Rock musician Larry LaLonde (Primus) is 37. Rock singer Liam Gallagher (Oasis) is 33. Actor Paul Walker is 32. Actor Benjamin McKenzie is 27. Singer Ruben Studdard (“American Idol”) is 27. Singer Jennifer Hudson (“American Idol”) is 24. Actress Emmy Rossum is 19.

Thought for Today: “While the word is yet unspoken, you are master of it; when once it is spoken, it is master of you.” — Arab proverb.

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