A federal judge on Tuesday ordered the immediate release of Herman Wallace, a member of the so-called "Angola 3," who was held in solitary confinement in Louisiana for more than 40 years and is now dying of liver cancer.
"It is further ordered that the State immediately release Mr. Wallace from custody," read the court ruling by Judge Brian A. Jackson, chief judge of the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Louisiana.
“Our Constitution requires this result even where, as here, it means overturning Mr. Wallace’s conviction nearly forty years after it was entered," the ruling added.
The judge said Wallace's petition was granted because women were excluded from the grand jury in his case four decades ago, violating the Fourteenth Amendment.
The state was given 30 days to notify Wallace, 71, if it plans to re-indict him, the court ruling said.
Originally serving time for unrelated cases of armed robbery, Wallace and fellow prisoner Albert Woodfox were convicted of the murder of a prison guard in 1972, and placed in isolation at the Louisiana State Penitentiary, also known as Angola Prison.
A third inmate, Robert King, was also convicted of murder, but his conviction was overturned in 2001, after 29 years of isolation.
Wallace and Woodfox, who have continued to deny involvement in the guard's killing, have been the subjects of documentary films. In July, Amnesty International called for their release on humanitarian grounds, claiming that "no physical evidence links them to the crime; potentially exculpatory DNA evidence has been lost, and the testimony of the main eyewitness has been discredited."
Welcoming the judge's decision, Wallace's legal team said the former inmate had left the prison Tuesday night.
"Mr. Wallace has been granted a new trial, but his illness is terminal and advanced," a statement from his legal team read. "However, the unfathomable punishment of more than four decades which Mr. Wallace spent in solitary confinement conditions will be the subject of litigation which will continue even after Mr. Wallace passes away.
"It is Mr. Wallace’s hope that this litigation will help ensure that others, including his lifelong friend and fellow 'Angola 3' member, Albert Woodfox, do not continue to suffer such cruel and unusual confinement even after Mr. Wallace is gone."
Woodfox's case is pending before the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.
In a letter published in the San Francisco Bay View on Sept. 12, Wallace wrote that doctors had given him two months to live after they stopped his treatment altogether on Aug. 31.