Australian scientists are gluing tiny sensors onto thousands of honeybees to track their movements in a trial aimed at halting the spread of diseases that have wiped out populations in the Northern Hemisphere.
Scientists at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia's national science agency, said the microchips could help tackle so-called colony collapse disorder, a situation where bees mysteriously disappear from hives, and the encroachment of the parasitic varroa mite.
Scientists will use tweezers to glue on the sensors, weighing about 5 milligrams and measuring 2.5 millimeters (a little more than 1/16 of an inch) square, after soothing the bees to sleep by refrigeration.
Some young bees, which tend to be hairier than older bees, need to be shaved before the sensor can be glued on.
Scientists will examine the effectiveness of pesticides in protecting the bees from colony collapse disorder and varroa mite.
The study will also enable farmers and fruit growers to understand and manage their crops, given the honeybee's crucial role in the pollination of crops globally, CSIRO said Wednesday.
Scientists plan to fit sensors on 5,000 bees in the southern island state of Tasmania over the Australian summer.
The radio frequency identification sensors work like an electronic tag for cars on a toll road, recording when insects pass a checkpoint. That will allow scientists to build a three-dimensional image of the insects' movements, a process described as "swarm sensing."