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EgyptAir Crash

Egypt Air Crash: Clock Ticking on Finding Downed Plane’s Black Boxes

Search for Missing EgyptAir Jet's Black Boxes Intensifies 2:33

Five days after it is presumed to have gone down in the Mediterranean Sea, search teams continue to comb for clues in the fatal crash of Egypt Air flight 804.

There is still no hard evidence of terrorism, and no claim of responsibility, and authorities still don't know what caused the Airbus A320 to vanish off radar.

But the U.S. Navy has now found at least two debris fields floating on the surface of the water and passengers’ clothing.

Egypt Aviation Minister: 'We Don't Have Much' 0:46

The search to find the plane's black boxes becomes more urgent with each passing day. The batteries on the underwater pinger locator likely only have another three-and-a-half weeks of life.

Related: EgyptAir: Aviation Chief Says We're Still 'Far Away' From Finding Fuselage

And Egypt’s civil aviation minister told NBC News earlier Monday that there is still no sign of the plane.

"We're far away from closing in on the fuselage of the aircraft," Sherif Fathy, said in an interview with NBC News. "What we found is only small pieces, there is a lot to be done in this respect."

If the plane was felled by a bomb, experts would not expect the aircraft to fly another seven minutes before going off radar.

Did a bomb cause EgyptAir MS804 plane to crash? 2:50

If it were a fire, experts would expect the plane to fly even longer and have a more gradual descent.

"At this point, we do not rule out something nefarious, but we just don't know yet," Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson said recently.

The last automated computer messages from the plane included overheat and smoke warnings and then flight computer failures.

Related: EgyptAir Crash: Why No Terrorist Groups Have Claimed Responsibility

That puts the focus on the forward avionics bay, which sits directly under the cockpit — housing all of the computers that run the plane.

Experts say a fire there could take out critical flight control systems or cause the computers to send faulty signals for systems that aren’t actually failing.

EgyptAir Flight Data Suggests Smoke Was Detected on Plane 4:18

"We do not know right now whether there was an explosion, whether there was a structural problem, whether there was a mechanical problem, an electrical problem,” said Capt. John Cox, an NBC News aviation analyst.

Meanwhile, there is an urgent search for the plane’s black boxes — thought to be amid the wreckage on the sea floor. That wreckage is likely in the deepest part of the Mediterranean Sea, which is 10,000 feet down with a muddy, silty bottom that has swallowed up shipwrecks for thousands of years.

"The water is a big place and finding small things in the water is extremely difficult," U.S. Navy P3 pilot Lt. Drew Hance, who is assisting in the search, told NBC News via phone Monday. "we saw a number of small objects some blue objects floating in the water."

The pingers on the black boxes should have another 25 days of battery life before they cut off. Yet, even if search teams find the boxes, the sea floor it's too deep for humans to retrieve.

Teams will need to send down a remotely operated vehicle to photograph the debris field and try to locate and then retrieve the black boxes.

And lifting the wreckage and bodies to the surface would be nearly impossible.

"The biggest challenge they face right now is listening for and locating those black boxes. And to do that, they need the pinger location. And the clock is ticking on that," said Andrew Craig, a senior project manager with Odyssey Marine Exploration.

Image: Curtis Calabrese
U.S. Navy LT JG Curtis Calabrese takes notes on board of a U.S. Navy Lockheed P-3C Orion patrol aircraft from Sigonella, Sicily, Sunday, May 22, 2016, searching the area in the Mediterranean Sea where the Egyptair flight 804 en route from Paris to Cairo went missing on May 19. Salvatore Cavalli / AP