KHANEQUIN, Iraq -- Delta Force-trained commander Polad Talabani has few illusions about the scale of the task facing his elite team which has been ordered to halt the march of militants aiming to seize Baghdad.
Talabani, who is in charge of the Kurdish Regional Government's counter-terrorism unit, says his troops have inflicted heavy casualties on the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS).
The biggest battles are being fought in the smallest villages in this showdown between Talabani's 160 men and a seemingly endless stream of al Qaeda-inspired insurgents. And as soon as any Sunni fighters are killed, Talabani says "dozens more will appear from nowhere to flood the battlefield."
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Kurdish paramilitary forces known as the Peshmerga are standing in the way of the heavily armed extremists who have taken control of cities including Mosul and Tikrit and who are inching closer to the Iraqi capital.
The Peshmerga are engaged in small running battles with ISIS fighters along a 600-mile stretch of border between the Kurdish region and the area were ISIS has footholds in villages and towns used as staging areas. The Kurdish Regional Government -- which runs a semi-autonomous region in Iraq dating back to an agreement with Saddam Hussein's government in 1970 -- has mobilized 40,000 fighters to the front line. The Kurds also seized Kirkuk and its nearby oilfields on June 12 under the justification that the city of 900,000 needed protection from ISIS.
"They are battle-hardened, experienced fighters whose only goal or mission in life is to get killed in the fight"
For the past four days, the most intense fighting has happened on the outskirts of Saadiyah and Jalawla, two towns straddling a major road north of Baghdad just outside of the Kurdish city of Khaneqin.
“The attacks have been focused on cutting off the road from Khaneqin to Baghdad, " Talabani told NBC News. "It's critical for them, because they know if they have control of that road they will be able to cut off access to Baghdad."
If this road falls, ISIS would control several of the major routes that lead into Baghdad from the northern part of the country. This would potentially allow the militants to launch attacks on the city from areas they control along the capital's northern frontier.
Ayman Mohyeldin / NBC News
Kurdish Peshmerga on duty near Jalawla, Iraq, on Thursday. Most civilians left the town after it was overrun by ISIS.
According to Kurdish officials, the miltant group's strategy shows a significant amount of tactical planning and coordination.
And ISIS has so far shown few signs of slowing down despite their battlefield casualties. They have scored a major propaganda victory and that has fueled them.
"They are battle-hardened, experienced fighters whose only goal or mission in life is to get killed in the fight," says Rooz Bahjat, one of the Kurdish Regional Government's most senior security officials involved in stopping ISIS from advancing across Iraq. "The hard part is killing somebody who already wants to die."
First published June 20 2014, 10:31 AM
Since joining NBC News in September 2011, Mohyeldin has reported on the Arab world, including Egypt, Libya, Syria, Jordan, Turkey, Gaza and Lebanon. Inside Syria, Ayman traveled across the country reporting exclusively on the Syrian war, both with opposition rebels and government officials. He also has reported from Europe and across the U.S.
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Prior to joining NBC, Mohyeldin was a correspondent for Al Jazeera English based in Cairo, where he was at the epicenter of Arab uprisings covering the revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt. From May 2008 until May 2010, Ayman was the only foreign broadcast journalist based in the Gaza Strip, a period in which he was the only American reporter covering the 2008-09 War on Gaza.
From 2003 to2006, he was based in Baghdad, covering the immediate aftermath of the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, the daily struggle of ordinary Iraqis and the Iraqi insurgency. Mohyeldin was among the few international journalists allowed to observe and report on the U.S. handover of Saddam Hussein to an Iraqi judge.
In 2011, Time Magazine named Mohyeldin as one of the 100 Most Influential People in the World.
Mohyeldin's reporting has won a Peabody Award, the UK's Cutting Edge Media Award and Argentina's Perfil International Press Freedom Award. He also has received multiple Emmy nominations.
Mohyeldin was born in Cairo, Egypt and grew up in the U.S. and the Middle East.