The fight to raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour notched higher this week after New York officials recommended lifting pay for thousands of fast-food workers throughout the state.
The New York Wage Board — appointed by Democratic Gov. Andrew Cuomo — on Wednesday called for a graduated increase to $15 an hour for fast-food restaurants with more than 30 locations and will finalize a recommendation to the state's labor commissioner in the coming days.
If, as expected, New York state and city move forward to formalize the mandated, minimum rate of $15 an hour over the next few years, the focus will shift to governors in a handful of states that have similar administrative authority to raise pay without legislative action.
New York state's workforce has 180,000 fast-food workers — the fourth-highest total in the nation.
A key state to watch with similar power is California, led by Democratic Gov. Jerry Brown. On the Republican side, Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin has already moved to repeal his state's wage rules.
Advocates are betting this strategy — hinged on the authority of governors — will build local momentum for a higher national minimum wage to $15 an hour from the current $7.25.
A wage board-driven strategy to lift pay "hasn't been done in recent years. This dates back to the '40s and '50s for laundry workers," said Tsedeye Gebreselassie, senior staff attorney for the National Employment Law Project. "We're going to be seeing more of this state and local policy activity."
6 years since last federal wage increase
The power of wage board laws and ultimately governors illustrate how labor advocates are working to generate local momentum for higher national pay. They're targeting occupations in a single industry, and focusing on wage battles city by city, state by state.
The thinking is to build a foundation for a higher federal minimum wage, which was last raised six years ago Friday.
Some employers, including franchised businesses, say the New York wage board's move will hurt small-business owners, many of whom are women and minorities.
But precedent suggests legal action might not be an option for employers hoping to push back against the Cuomo administration.
"In numerous cases from the 1940s through just last year, New York's courts have consistently upheld Labor Department wage orders and rejected employer attempts to challenge them in court," according to NELP analysis.
The state of the American worker — including wage growth — is front and center heading into the 2016 presidential race. In recent days, Republican Jeb Bush and Democrat Hillary Clinton, both front-runners, have highlighted the U.S. economy and the growth in the number of contract workers.
The latter means more Americans are piecing together a patchwork existence on lower paying and short-term assignments, which don't have the traditional safety net of health care or retirement benefits.
That’s why wages are a big part of the unfolding election. That also raises a key question: Which governor might move next and push to lift wages using their administrative power?
States to watch
Governors in a few states have authority to raise wages on their own without legislative action. According to NELP, in addition to New York, California and Wisconsin, the two other states have Republican governors: Charlie Baker of Massachusetts and Chris Christie of New Jersey.
Walker, also a presidential candidate, has moved to repeal existing wage laws as part of Wisconsin's recent state budget battle.
States with administrative wage authority — and their current statewide, minimum wages per hour — are:
- New York at $8.75
- California at $9
- Massachusetts at $9
- New Jersey at $8.38
- Wisconsin at $7.25
Some cities have moved independently to lift wages above regional and federal levels, including Los Angeles and Seattle.