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Newspapers and media outlets across the U.S. launched a widespread effort Thursday aimed at combating the constant attacks from President Donald Trump as well as negative feelings about the media's role in society.
More than 300 newspapers around the nation joined together to each publish editorials that explained the role of journalists and amplified the positive role journalism plays in society.
The effort was spearheaded by Marjorie Pritchard, deputy managing editor of the editorial page at The Boston Globe, who asked other editors to combat frequent attacks made on the press by Trump.
“No one will be happy all the time with what a journalist or news outlet produces,” The Capital Journal editorial said. “But being called an enemy — and not of a politician or cause, but of the whole people of a nation — that’s something else entirely. It’s sinister. It’s destructive. And it must end now."
Trump has targeted the media with criticism and accusations since early on in his presidential campaign, with those attacks continuing — and sometimes escalating — since he became president. At a rally in August, Trump described the press covering the event as "fake, fake disgusting news." Trump has made fun of the media by announcing a "fake news awards.” He’s also threatened to enact new libel laws and frequently attacked news outlets via Twitter.
White House press secretary Sarah Sanders even declined to contradict her boss after he called the media the "enemy of the people."
Trump fired back at the press on Thursday morning, tweeting: "THE FAKE NEWS MEDIA IS THE OPPOSITION PARTY. It is very bad for our Great Country....BUT WE ARE WINNING!"
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In subsequent tweets, the president pointed to the financial trouble of The Boston Globe and claimed that he supports freedom of the press but that "much of what it says is FAKE NEWS, pushing a political agenda or just plain trying to hurt people."
Trump isn’t alone in being unhappy with the press. A Gallup/Knight Foundation survey published in June found that U.S. adults estimate that 62 percent of the news they consume is biased and that 44 percent is inaccurate.
And Trump’s attacks are resonating with his base. A Quinnipiac University poll published on Tuesday found that 51 percent of Republicans believe the media is the enemy of the people. The same poll reported that 44 percent of American voters are concerned that Trump’s criticism of the media will lead to violence against people who work in media.
The deaths at the Capital Gazette, a newspaper Annapolis, Maryland, in June demonstrated the openness of newspaper offices to the people in their communities. A deranged shooter killed five people on the staff after sending threatening letters.
In an interview with The Associated Press, Pritchard explained her inspiration for the initiative: "I hope it would educate readers to realize that an attack on the First Amendment is unacceptable."
"We are a free and independent press; it is one of the most sacred principles enshrined in the Constitution."
The Duluth News Tribune posted something of a plea online. Defending itself against allegations of Trump-bashing, the newspaper said it was issuing a respectful and urgent request for Trump to stop belittling and insulting working reporters and to stop lumping together legitimate media outlets and propaganda "meant to mislead and misinform for self-serving purposes.”
The print edition of The Philadelphia Inquirer had a particularly brief and pointed editorial: "There is no vigorous debate without a free and independent press." (The paper ran a longer editorial online.)
Not every news outlet was on board. The Wall Street Journal, whose editorial board is strongly conservative, published an article that was critical of the initiative, suggesting the president has a right to free speech and that newspapers have been “colluding.” Jack Shafer, senior media writer at Politico, wrote that the coordinated effort “is sure to backfire.”
“It will provide Trump with circumstantial evidence of the existence of a national press cabal that has been convened solely to oppose him,” Shafer wrote. “When the editorials roll off the press on Thursday, all singing from the same script, Trump will reap enough fresh material to whale on the media for at least a month.”
The Las Vegas Review Journal, owned by casino owner Sheldon Adelson, also declined to participate, while still offering some support for the message.
John Kerr, the newspaper's editorial page editor, said the newspaper had already written on the topic. "We have run prior a couple of editorial along those lines,” Kerr said. “We're not sheep.”
"We basically said he should tone it down, and feel free to point out instances where he has been unfairly targeted, but it's healthy to recognize the role the free press plays."
Separately, the Radio Television Digital News Association has given the effort its support. Executive director Dan Shelley said in an interview that he spent much of Wednesday giving interviews to stations about the role of journalism in society.
While many stations were open to interviewing him, some were not.
“Three stations said that they were not going to participate because they didn’t want to throw gasoline on the fire,” Shelley said. “I tried to explain we are not asking them to attack the president, or inflame passions — we’re asking them to explain what it is they do for a living.”
One station based in Oregon told Shelley that the initiative might anger listeners while another in San Diego said it would not participate in any effort to attack the president, Shelley said. Another station in Michigan simply stated “internal factors” as a reason not to get involved.
“I hate to use this comparison, but it is very true, that journalism is like Congress,” Shelley said. “Everybody says they hate Congress but they love their local congressman, and they sure like that anchor on the 6 o’clock news.”