Stocks rose on Friday after Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen pushed for a "big package" of stimulus relief, and said tax hikes would be needed to pay for at least part of a big infrastructure, climate and education investment package that President Joe Biden plans to introduce later this year.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose by around 125 points Friday morning as markets responded to Yellen's post-market interview with CNBC on Thursday. Details were still being worked out on the infrastructure and clean energy package, Yellen said, which would come on top of a $1.9 trillion coronavirus relief plan that is now working its way through Congress.
"The greater risk is of scarring and people having this pandemic take a permanent lifelong toll on their lives and livelihoods," if no further aid is provided.
She said it would include clean energy investments to fight climate change and investments in education and training to build the skill levels of American workers and boost U.S. competitiveness.
"Certainly part of the package, the parts that are permanent, will be paid for in order to not raise long-term deficits, but we're still working on the details of the package."
The infrastructure, climate and education plan will probably be proposed later this year and would involve spending over a number of years, "and probably tax increases to pay for at least part of it would probably phase in slowly over time."
Biden's $1.9 trillion Covid-19 stimulus package aims to ensure that growth is strong enough to get back to full employment faster than recent baseline estimates from the Congressional Budget Office, which projected earlier this month that based on current laws, it would take until 2024 to reach pre-pandemic employment levels.
With the Biden stimulus plan and good progress on vaccines to defeat the pandemic, "I think we could be back to full employment next year," she said.
Yellen downplayed the potential risk of inflation from trillions of dollars in new stimulus and infrastructure spending, saying that inflation has been low for a decade and the Federal Reserve has tools to deal with it.
"The greater risk is of scarring and people having this pandemic take a permanent lifelong toll on their lives and livelihoods," if no further aid is provided, she said.