Shareholders of telecom giants AT&T and Verizon Communications want more details about their sharing of customer information with governments, showing investors starting to push back over the role of communications companies in spying operations.
Activists including Trillium Asset Management of Boston and the $161 billion New York State Common Retirement Fund have filed proposals for the spring shareholder meetings of AT&T and Verizon, representatives said.
Both resolutions call on the companies to report semi-annually on "metrics and discussion regarding requests for customer information by U.S. and foreign governments."
As carriers of massive amounts of voice and data traffic, the telecommunications companies have been at the center of controversies over the use of their data by U.S. intelligence agencies. Just on Monday the U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear a challenge to a ruling that gave the government access to Verizon records of millions of telephone calls.
A worry is the close ties could hurt the companies' business, said Trillium Senior Vice President Jonas Kron.
"From an investor perspective, this is one of those issues where there's an overlap of interests" among privacy advocates and business groups, Kron said. He cited surveys that spying fears could cut tens of billions of dollars from the sales of cloud computing services.
AT&T spokesman Mark Siegel said, "As standard practice we look carefully at all shareholder proposals but at this point in the process we do not expect to comment on them."
Verizon spokesman Bob Varettoni declined to comment on the shareholder proposal it received except to say the company is evaluating it.
Customers in growth markets like China have historically mistrusted U.S. technology corporations. Those fears have been stoked by disclosures from former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden.
For instance, Cisco Systems last week blamed what some analysts call "the Snowden effect" in part for dismal quarterly revenue. Others have questioned the financial impact of the revelations, however.
In response many technology companies have pushed for — or at least aimed to be seen pushing for — transparency in their dealings with U.S. intelligence agencies.
Companies including Google, Microsoft, Twitter, Facebook, Apple and Yahoo! have published "transparency reports" showing government data requests. Some have also gone to court seeking to disclose more details.
But the two big telecommunications companies have not responded as aggressively to the data requests, the shareholder activists note in their resolutions.
Specifically, the resolutions cite press reports of the intelligence agencies' involvement with the companies, and the resulting criticism from figures like Brazil's president Dilma Rousseff, who called U.S. monitoring activities "a breach of international law."
The resolutions call on AT&T and Verizon to publish semi-annual reports, subject to current laws, "providing metrics and discussion regarding requests for customer information by U.S. and foreign governments, at reasonable cost and omitting proprietary information."
Trillium has $1.3 billion under management and calls itself the oldest independent investment adviser focused on sustainable and responsible investing. Trillium and other activists have used shareholder proposals in the past to air out arcane issues such as several "network neutrality" measures it brought at AT&T and Verizon since 2012. One at Verizon in the spring won support from 24 percent of shareholders.
Even when such measures don't pass, activists see them as a way to call attention to issues.
"Often the utility of such resolutions is to generate conversation with and among management, particularly if the company has refused to engage in other ways," said Christine Bader, a lecturer on human rights and business at Columbia University. She is also affiliated with the Global Network Initiative, a privacy-advocacy group that counts some of the technology companies as participants.
Filers of the AT&T proposal include the New York State fund, Trillium, the American Civil Liberties Union of Northern California, and Arjuna Capital, according to a statement from Open MIC, a non-profit organization in New York that works with investors on media issues and helped organize the resolutions.
Filers of the Verizon proposal include Trillium, the ACLU chapter, the Park Foundation, and Clean Yield Asset Management, the activists said.