There are less than 600 known lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer elected officials in the U.S. — just 0.1 percent of all elected officials across the country — according to a recent report by the Victory Institute, a nonprofit that trains and promotes LGBTQ political hopefuls. But this election cycle, a record number of LGBTQ Americans, who make up an estimated 4.5 percent of the U.S. population, are seeking office.
Can these candidates, who are running for positions ranging from town councilmembers to U.S. senators, help the LGBTQ community reach more proportionate representation? In a new NBC Out special series, “The 0.1 Percent,” NBC News profiles a handful of the hundreds of LGBTQ Americans who are on the ballot this November.
One year after becoming the first openly gay and first Asian-American man elected to Georgia’s state legislature, Sam Park had to say goodbye to his mother.
In her final weeks, she was comfortable. “The opportunity she had to really spend her final years in peace with the family — you know, I think it's an opportunity that every Georgian deserves,” Park said.
When Park ran for a seat in the Georgia House of Representatives in 2016, he did so in part because of his mother’s battle with cancer — and his desire for others to have the same access to health care.
"While we still have not expanded Medicaid to cover more than half a million Georgians, that's still a fight that I'm continuing," Park told NBC News.
A MAN OF FAITH
Sam Park is now running for his second term to represent Georgia’s 101st House District.
Park, 33, grew up in suburban Atlanta as the son of conservative immigrants from South Korea. He and his family were members of the First Baptist Church of Atlanta, where Charles Stanley, a former president of the Southern Baptist Convention, preached.
Park said Stanley’s sermons focused on the principal of “inerrancy,” which contends that the Bible contains the totality of the word of God, including passages regarding homosexuality as an “abomination.” During college, when he came out to himself and his sister and then eventually his parents, he drifted from his faith.
But Park found his way back to the flock via Charles Stanley’s son, Andy Stanley, who “started a nondenominational church that focuses on churching unchurched people,” Park said. There, at North Point Community Church, which Park said is more welcoming to LGBTQ people, he found himself drawn back to his faith.
“Andy Stanley has become one of the most influential voices in the South,” he said. About 30,000 people regularly attend services at his North Point Community Church and related satellite churches.
“His focus is to constantly connect people’s faith not to a book but to the actual event, so it’s something deeper than just words on a page,” Park explained. “It’s something lived, it’s something experienced. He has publicly stated over the past few years that the Bible should not be used to attack the LGBT community.”
Park’s district covers Gwinnett County, the most diverse county in the state and one of the most diverse in the nation. Not only is it racially diverse, but Gwinnett County is also younger than most: The median age is 35, and a quarter of voters in the county are below age 30.
It’s through this district that Park was able to find a path to his election victory in 2016 and defeat three-term Republican representative Valerie Clark by just a few hundred votes.
“Gwinnett County really is the linchpin,” Park said. “Any Democratic state candidate who wants to win statewide, that path to victory has to go through Gwinnett County.”
However, Park added, the state is “incredibly gerrymandered.” Donald Trump won Georgia by just over 50 percent of the vote, but Republicans control state House seats by a ratio of 2-to-1. Due to this imbalance, Park said it is a challenge to get any progressive legislation through, including the Medicaid expansion bill that he cosponsored and introduced.
“This election will have a big impact,” he predicted. “I think we will still be in the minority, but it’s going to be a growing Democratic minority.”
“I have introduced a lot of legislation in my first term, from comprehensive civil rights legislation to cosponsoring Medicaid expansion,” Park said. But while none of his major legislative priorities have reached the governor’s desk due, in part, to the GOP-controlled state House, he presses on.
“It’s important for us to introduce and work on passing legislation we think would benefit the state to at least demonstrate to those we represent what exactly it is that we are fighting for,” he said. “Being in the minority, it’s difficult to pass legislation, but that still doesn’t mean you can’t do it.”
Park said he worked to stop harmful anti-immigrant and anti-LGBTQ legislation that would have done significant harm to both communities. “We were able to do that as a minority voting coalition through coalition-building,” he explained.
The importance of coalition building is a lesson he has gotten from his political mentor, Georgia gubernatorial candidate Stacey Abrams.
“Her campaign has been focused on doing what we did in order to win in 2016, which was focus on direct voter contact — talking to folks, voters, at the doors, which I think is the most effective way to turn out people to go vote,” Park said.
He worked for Abrams when she was the state’s House minority leader. Should she win next month, she will be the first African-American woman governor in the U.S.
Park said he draws much inspiration from Abrams’ approach to organizing and how she prioritizes door-to-door voter contact, which has helped propel her improbably run. “I would not have been able to get my foot in the door without her,” he said.
“She's one of the few Democratic candidates in Georgia who understands the importance of building a diverse coalition and harnessing the diversity that exists in the State of Georgia to move us forward,” Park said. And he thinks she is going to win. Polls show a dead heat between Abrams and Brian Kemp, the Republican nominee.
Park’s biggest takeaway thus far is a contrarian one for 2018: “There is more we have in common than that which divides us.”
Park said he has never received any homophobic attacks, unlike a number of other openly gay lawmakers and candidates, and the Republican Speaker of the House welcomed him and all other new members of the governing body “regardless of race, gender, ethnicity or sexual orientation.”
“I don't think a speaker, let alone a Republican speaker, has ever uttered those words, so I felt very welcome,” Park said.
More than 20 incumbent Republicans are stepping down in Atlanta this year, and at least 15 Republicans are up for election in House districts that Hillary Clinton won, increasing the chances that the Democrat-Republican split in the state legislature will be tighter in the next session, opening the doors to more collaborative legislation.
Park hopes that by continuing to build coalitions with other groups, and perhaps under a new Democratic governor, Georgia may be able to pass comprehensive civil rights legislation and employment discrimination protections for LGBTQ people, among other progressive measures.
The Atlanta metro area has long been a haven for the LGBTQ community, and Park credits his LGBTQ predecessors for breaking ceilings and paving the way for “someone like myself to be elected.”
“And it is now my duty to make sure that the next generation of LGBT leaders will come after me,” Park said. “So to be a part of that path, to create an open and democratic process for members of the LGBT community to have a voice in their government is something I am very honored to be a part of.”