The watches are part of the latest effort to counter the toll of binge drinking, a deeply entrenched problem at many colleges nationwide that appears to be getting worse.
While studies report that more than 80 percent of college students drink alcohol, the latest statistics reveal that nearly half indulge in binge-drinking, generally defined as downing five or more drinks in about two hours for men and four or more drinks for women.
The number of students who binge drink rose from nearly 42 percent in 1999, to nearly 45 percent in 2005, according to a July report by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol-related deaths among college students increased from 1,440 in 1998 to 1,825 in 2005, the NIAAA reported.
Overall, efforts to intervene in binge drinking have been largely unsuccessful. But the main goal of programs such as the new “Red Watch Band” program at Stony Brook University in New York is to prevent students from dying of intoxication.
Bluntly put, Red Watch Band “is a death prevention program,” says Lara Hunter, the program’s national coordinator. “It’s targeted at the bystander,” she says.
The watches, which students receive after completing a training program on how to recognize and respond to alcohol emergencies, are meant to symbolize a band of students watching over each other when every minute counts.
Deadly drinking games
Dr. Suzanne Fields wishes that one of her son’s friends had been watching out for him on that night in June 2008 when he lost consciousness and died after binge drinking at Northwestern University in Chicago.
If someone had called 911, freshman Matthew Sunshine might have survived after playing a drinking game. Instead, Sunshine was humiliated and written on after he passed out.
“Acute intoxication is not a laughing matter,” says Fields. “It’s a medical emergency.”
Some kids turned her son’s head in case he threw up, but it wasn’t enough. “They were worried about aspiration,” Fields says. “They weren’t worried about death.”
Fields is a professor of medicine at Stony Brook and the driving force behind the Red Watch Band program. “I realized at the time of my son’s funeral, in talking with other students, they really think they’re invincible,” she says. “No one realized you could die of acute alcohol toxicity.”
Alcohol poisoning generally occurs when the blood alcohol level surpasses about .25 percent. For a 140-pound woman, that translates to about seven drinks in one hour, according to the Web site www.factsontap.org.
If students understood the seriousness of alcohol poisoning and the basics of how to intervene, from performing CPR to alerting medical crews, more young people might survive, the Red Watch Band advocates say.
While that may help, other health experts say, it won’t solve the core problem of college kids drinking too much in the first place.
Preventing binge drinking has proven to be a huge challenge, experts say. That's partly because of campus cultures that view drinking as a rite of passage; partly because of college bars and beer distributors that make alcohol plentiful and cheap; and other factors such as administrators and officials who toss up their hands or look the other way.
Add to that mix multi-million-dollar entertainment and advertising campaigns that glamorize drinking. Anheuser-Busch, for instance, recently launched a “Tailgate Approved” marketing campaign for its Bud Light “fan cans,” which are available in more than two dozen college color combinations and which critics say target students, many of whom are underage.
The firm insists it supports only legal drinking, but it may be hard for students to make that distinction. “Show your colors!” says their Web site. “Put your hand around a fan can!”
In addition to the very real risk of death, excessive college drinking is associated with a range of other problems, including at least 599,000 injuries and 97,000 cases of sexual assault or date rape each year, according to the NIAAA.
Still, the Red Watch Band program is hoping to help with one serious aspect of the problem. Since the program began last spring, about 140 Stony Brook students, including Nelson, have been through the four hours of training that requires learning CPR, says Hunter. About 30 other colleges and 10 high schools have requested the training curriculum from Stony Brook and are implementing or planning to implement the program, she says.
“A big problem with people dying from toxic drinking is that nobody will step up and intervene,” says Nelson, 20, a junior studying digital arts and business who also plays on the volleyball team. “It’s kind of a socially unacceptable thing to do.”
No college student wants to be labeled a buzzkill. And they certainly don’t want to get their friends or themselves in trouble for underage drinking. Too often, they don’t understand that people who pass out from drinking may not just “sleep it off.”
It’s unclear yet just how effective the Red Watch Band program will be — or if students on hard-partying campuses will even welcome the effort.
But Nelson says she’s received a positive response so far. “It stands out like the Lance Armstrong bracelets and it does provoke questions,” she says, noting that some of her friends are now involved, too.
Students clearly need to do their part to help curb binge drinking and its consequences, says Linda Major, who heads up the efforts to reduce high-risk drinking at the University of Nebraska at Lincoln. The university’s program is often mentioned as one of the most effective college efforts because it attacks the problem from multiple angles, involving students as well as administrators and the community.
“We have visible and vocal leadership in the community and on campus,” Major says. Among its components, the program involves education about high-risk drinking; administration meetings with bar owners to curb excessive and underage drinking; increased police enforcement; and stiffer penalties for loud house parties.
The efforts have paid off. Binge drinking among University of Nebraska students declined from more than 62 percent in 1997 to 41 percent in 2007, Major notes, but there’s still work to be done.
“Binge drinking really doesn’t have to be part of the college experience,” she says.
Jacqueline Stenson is a freelance writer in Los Angeles. A former senior health producer for msnbc.com, her work also has appeared in publications including the Los Angeles Times, Health, Shape, Women’s Health, Fit Pregnancy and Reuters Health.