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6 Things an ER Doctor Wants You to Know About Heart Attacks

TV’s most likeable dad, Alan Thicke, died Tuesday at the age of 69.
Image: Carousel of Hope Ball, Arrivals, Los Angeles, USA - 08 Oct 2016
Alan Thicke at the Carousel of Hope Ball in Los Angeles on Oct. 8, 2016.Stewart Cook / REX/Shutterstock

TV’s most likeable dad, Alan Thicke, died Tuesday at the age of 69. The "Growing Pains" actor was playing hockey with his son when he suffered a heart attack.

The big question I’m getting is, how can a man who seemed so healthy, who was exercising and seemingly fit, suffer a deadly heart attack? And what can you do if you think it’s happening to you or a loved one?

As a physician who has treated my share of heart attack patients, there are precautions you should take before or after a workout, especially if you are middle aged.

Image: Alan Thicke
Alan Thicke was playing a regular twice-a-week pickup hockey game when the medical emergency occurred. Richard Shotwell / AP

1. Avoid too much exertion, too quickly

Exercise is healthy. It’s one of the best things you can do for your heart.

But fitness experts say the health benefits actually come from how often you exercise, not how intensely. Strenuous exercise doesn’t just mean a competitive game of hockey. It can be shoveling your sidewalks after a big snowfall or even heavy lifting while cleaning out the garage.

So take it easy: don’t forget the warm-up and cool down.

Related: Cardiac arrest killing too many, report finds

2. Don't ignore weird symptoms you're suddenly having

Thicke reportedly had the classic sign of a heart attack —chest pain — but also the more subtle signs like nausea and vomiting. I tell my patients to know their own bodies and pay attention to sudden upper body symptoms, like:

  • chest pain
  • shortness of breath
  • nausea
  • dizziness

3. Call 911

The first thing to do if you’re experiencing discomfort or worrisome symptoms is to go inside and sit down. If you don’t start feeling better in a matter of seconds — remember, seconds — call 911.

4. Chew the aspirin

Aspirin is heart attack first aid. After calling 911, you need to get some aspirin into your system quickly.

It stops platelets from clumping together which helps to stop the clot from building up. Studies now tell us the best way to take this aspirin: Chew it, rather than swallow a tablet with water. Chew a single full-sized 325-mg aspirin.

5. Time is muscle

Your heart is a muscle.

A heart attack cuts off blood flow to that muscle, which is why it hurts. Even more importantly, once that muscle gets damaged, it’s permanent. And a damaged heart doesn’t beat as efficiently. So the longer you wait to get treated, the more muscle damage you risk.

I tell my patients I’d rather they make a trip to the ER for what turns out to be a pulled muscle or a stomach virus than risk permanent heart damage.

6. Women get heart attacks, too

Women can get heart attacks after shoveling or exercising, just like men, but their symptoms are often different.

In addition to the classic symptoms, like chest pain and shortness of breath, women having a heart attack often complain of overwhelming fatigue. I want to remind loved ones to keep an eye on their mothers, as well as their fathers, for signs of a heart attack.

Related: Am I having a heart attack? How symptoms differ for men and women

Dr. John Torres is the medical correspondent for NBC News and an emergency room doctor