/ Source: Reuters
The number of adults and children living with HIV reached 40.3 million in 2005, the highest level ever.
Following are some key facts and figures about the disease:
- A total of 3.1 million people died in 2005; 570,000 of them were children.
- Nearly 5 million people were newly infected with the virus in 2005.
- The number of people living with HIV has increased in all but one region in the past two years. In the Caribbean, the second-most affected region in the world, HIV prevalence overall showed no change in 2005, compared with 2003.
- Sub-Saharan Africa remains hardest hit. The region has just over 10 percent of the world’s population, but more than 60 percent of its people have HIV. A total of 25.8 million people live with HIV, almost one million more than in 2003.
- An estimated 2.4 million people died of HIV-related illnesses in 2005 in Sub-Saharan Africa, while a further 3.2 million became infected with HIV.
- South Africa’s epidemic, one of the largest in the world, shows no sign of relenting.
- In Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the number of people living with HIV increased by one quarter to 1.6 million since 2003, and the number of AIDS deaths almost doubled to 62,000 in the same period.
- By the end of 2004, about 300,000 HIV cases had been officially registered in the Russian Federation since the beginning of the epidemic but the actual number is much higher. An estimated 860,000 people were living with HIV in the Russian Federation at the end of 2003.
- In Asia, national HIV infection levels are low compared with Africa. Latest estimates show some 8.3 million people were living with HIV in 2005, including the 1.1 million who were newly infected. AIDS claimed some 520,000 lives in 2005.
- The number of people living with HIV in Latin America has risen to an estimated 1.8 million. In 2005, some 66,000 people died of AIDS, and 200,000 were newly infected.
- The number of people living with HIV in North America, Western and Central Europe rose to 1.9 million in 2005, with about 65,000 newly infected in 2005. Wide availability of antiretroviral therapy has helped keep AIDS deaths comparatively low, at about 30,000.
- Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) has killed more than 25 million people since it was first recognized in 1981, making it one of the most destructive epidemics in recorded history.