Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad began a visit to Syria on Thursday to consolidate an old alliance made increasingly crucial as both countries face mounting U.S. pressure and the threat of international sanctions.
Ahmadinejad and Syrian President Bashar Assad were expected to talk about Iran’s standoff with the West over its nuclear program and the threat to refer it to the U.N. Security Council, as well as Syria’s own troubles over a U.N. investigation that implicated it in the assassination of Lebanon’s former prime minister.
Bilateral economic, industrial and cultural agreements also were expected to be discussed during the two-day visit.
Syria is Iran’s closest Arab ally. The two countries have had close relations since 1980 when Syria sided with Iran against Iraq at the start of the Iran-Iraq war.
On the eve of the visit, Ahmadinejad described bilateral relations as “strong and good.”
Both countries share to a certain extent similar foreign policy objectives: opposition to what they describe as U.S. attempts to dominate the Middle East, hostility toward Israel and support for Palestinian and Lebanese militant groups fighting the Jewish state.
Nations under pressure
Ahmadinejad’s visit comes at a very delicate time for both nations.
Iran’s insistence to proceed with its peaceful nuclear activities have raised great concern in the European Union and the United States, which have been pushing for referring the issue to the Security Council, a first step toward possible sanctions.
Syria faces international accusations of failing to fully cooperate with the U.N. investigation into last year’s assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri. Investigators have implicated Syrian officials and now want to interview Assad and his foreign minister. Damascus has denied any role in the killing.
Syria sits on the 35-nation International Atomic Energy Agency board, which meets on Feb. 2 for a vote on whether to refer Tehran to the Security Council.
Ahmadinejad on Wednesday accused the West of acting like the “lord of the world” in denying his country peaceful use of nuclear energy. But the United States and other countries are suspicious that Iran is planning on develop nuclear arms.