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Today in history: July 14

Celebrity birthdays, highlights in history, plus more facts about this day.
/ Source: The Associated Press

Today is Friday, July 14th, the 195th day of 2006. There are 170 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On July 14th, 1789, during the French Revolution, citizens of Paris stormed the Bastille prison and released the seven prisoners inside.

On this date:
In 1798, Congress passed the Sedition Act, making it a federal crime to publish false, scandalous or malicious writing about the United States government.

In 1853, Commodore Matthew Perry relayed to Japanese officials a letter from former President Fillmore, requesting trade relations.

In 1881, outlaw William H. Bonney Junior, alias “Billy the Kid,” was shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner, New Mexico.

In 1933, all German political parties, except the Nazi Party, were outlawed.

In 1958, the army of Iraq overthrew the monarchy.

In 1965, the American space probe Mariner Four flew by Mars, sending back photographs of the planet.

In 1965, U-S Ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson Junior died in London at age 65.

In 1966, eight student nurses were murdered by Richard Speck in a Chicago dormitory.

In 1976, Jimmy Carter won the Democratic presidential nomination at the party’s convention in New York.

In 1978, Soviet dissident Natan Sharansky was convicted of treasonous espionage and anti-Soviet agitation, and sentenced to 13 years at hard labor. (Sharansky was released in 1986.)

Ten years ago: Fire crews were battling blazes covering more than 16-thousand acres in California, Colorado, Idaho, Oregon and Utah. In Northern Ireland, a car bomb ravaged a country hotel soon after the building was evacuated. (A shadow group calling itself “Continuity” claimed responsibility for the blast.)

Five years ago: In a boost for President Bush’s hopes to build a defense against ballistic missile attack, the Pentagon scored a hit with an interceptor that soared into space from a tiny Pacific isle and destroyed its target, a mock nuclear warhead. China convicted American business professor Li Shaomin (lee show-mihn) of spying for Taiwan and then ordered him deported. Katharine Graham, the 84-year-old chairman of the executive committee of The Washington Post Company, suffered a head injury in a fall in Sun Valley, Idaho (she died three days later).

One year ago: Chief U-S Justice William H. Rehnquist, ending a two-day stay in the hospital, pledged to continue working as long as his health permitted. (Rehnquist died in September 2005.)

Today’s Birthdays: Former President Gerald R. Ford is 93. Movie and stage director Ingmar Bergman is 88. Actor Dale Robertson is 83. Actor Harry Dean Stanton is 80. Actress Nancy Olson is 78. Actress Polly Bergen is 76. Former football player Rosey Grier is 74. Country singer Del Reeves is 74. Actor Jerry Houser is 54. Actor-director Eric Laneuville is 54. Actor Stan Shaw is 54. Movie producer Scott Rudin is 48. Country musician Ray Herndon (McBride and the Ride) is 46. Actor Jackie Earle Haley is 45. Actor Matthew Fox is 40. Rock musician Ellen Reid (Crash Test Dummies) is 40. Rock singer-musician Tonya Donelly is 40. Actress Missy Gold is 36. Rhythm-and-blues singer Tameka Cottle (Xscape) is 31. Hip-hop musician taboo (Black Eyed Peas) is 31.

Thought for Today: “A man must be both stupid and uncharitable who believes there is no virtue or truth but on his own side.” --Joseph Addison, English essayist and poet (1672-1719).