IE 11 is not supported. For an optimal experience visit our site on another browser.

Traveling China's ancient Silk Road

From the ancient oasis towns of Central Asia, we retraced the epic journeys traveled along the Silk Road through desolate mountains and deserts, through busy bazaars and crumbling mud-brick towns.
/ Source: The Associated Press

From the ancient oasis towns of Central Asia, we retraced the epic journeys traveled along the Silk Road through desolate mountains and deserts, through busy bazaars and crumbling mud-brick towns.

Along the way, we followed the footsteps made by camel caravans to and from Central Asia and Europe by Marco Polo, Genghis Khan and Alexander the Great.

In ancient times, this legendary road - a series of routes collectively known as the Silk Road - was China's link with Central Asia and Europe.

Travelers crossed through several different branches. One was up the Gansu corridor to Dunhuang on the edge of the Taklamakan desert. Another began on the fringes of the Gobi desert following the Tianshan, or heavenly mountains, and heading to the oasis trading post of Turfan before arriving at Kashgar, at the foot of the Pamirs.

Our group of three - myself, my mother and a friend - opted for a haphazard itinerary that started off with an airplane journey from Beijing to Urumqi, capital of the Xinjiang autonomous region. From there, we flew to Kashghar and then jumped on a train that took us past the Taklamakan desert and dropped us 22 hours later in Turfan, famous for its grapes and melons. Finally, we headed to Dunhuang, famous for its ancient Buddhist cave paintings, where we also rode in camel caravans as they did in ancient times.

Although some evidence points to a trade in jade along China's portion of the Silk Road, as far back as 7,000 years, the establishment of the trade route really occurred about 2,000 years ago in Roman times.

Silk, one of China's prime exports, was of course moved to Europe and elsewhere via the route. But so were exotic animals, ivory, gold and plants. It also facilitated the flow of new ideas and languages between far-flung cultures.

Xinjiang, a predominantly Muslim region in China's far west, seemed a world away from Beijing. The ethnic Uighur language, dress, the faces and the food all seemed more attuned to Central Asia than East Asia.

Still, images like the enormous statue of China's late Chairman Mao Zedong in Kashghar's center square reminded us of Beijing's grip on this region. Thousands of miles away, it shares the same time zone as the capital.

Kashgar has been a trading center for over 2,000 years, and this business drive continues to energize the city with endless negotiations at the famous bazaars, in the old town, and just about in any street corner.

If you want to haggle for a camel, or check out a horse's teeth before purchase, you are just a tractor's ride away from the livestock market. The Kashgar animal market is a wide, open space crowded with shouting hawkers, food stalls, and merchants shearing their sheep here, hair flying in the air.

There's another market for carpets, fine silks and other textiles. It's open daily in a formal building but sprawls with impromptu stalls out from every side.

One of the great aspects of travel in China is the food, and the Silk Road is no exception. At the livestock market, peddlers hawk Xinjiang's famous sweet melons, watermelons, and homemade vanilla ice-cream churned in wooden buckets.

You can also try "opke," a broth made from goat's intestines and head. Less adventuresome travelers might want to try Xinjiang's staple delights such as kebabs, rice pullao, dumplings, noodles and a variety of flat breads or nans. You can also find a culinary cousin of the Jewish bagel - the "girde" nan, which is cooked in a open pit oven.

We enjoyed choosing a freshly-slaughtered goat at the butcher's stall and then taking it to a nearby cook who boiled it into a delicious soup before our eyes.

To nourish your mind, you will find many wonderful archeological treasures at museums and digs along the Silk Route, excavated after hundreds of years from the Central Asian sands.

China, the United Nations and neighboring Central Asian countries plan a program aimed at reviving the ancient Silk Road by boosting investment, trade and tourism. The two-year Silk Road Project involves the governments of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

If you go:

SILK ROAD: To learn more about the United Nations' effort to increase tourism on the Silk Road, visit The China National Tourist Office offers information at

GUIDEBOOKS: Lonely Planet's "Central Asia Guidebook" by Bradley Mayhew ($29.99) and "Central Asia Phrasebook: Languages Of The Silk Road" by Justin Jon Rudelson ($7.99).

ITINERARIES: Various U.S.-based tour operators offer Silk Road trips, including Abercrombie & Kent, or 800-554-7016.

The trip described in this story was organized by the Foreign Customer Department of the East Shanghai International Travel Service, (011) 86-21-6299-8971. The journey began in Beijing, with a flight to Urumqi/Kashgar and a stay there at the Seman Hotel, followed by a train to Turfan, with a stay at the Turfan Southern Hotel. Next was an overnight train to Dunhuang, with a stay at the Dunhuang Hotel, and a flight to Xi'an, with a stay at the Bell Tower Hotel, and finally a flight from Xi'an back to Beijing. Cost for the 10-day trip was about $1,600 per person, excluding most meals.