Hezbollah’s leader urged his followers to prepare for mass demonstrations to topple the government if it ignores the militant group’s demand to form a national unity coalition.
In a speech broadcast Sunday, Sheik Hassan Nasrallah railed against President Bush’s administration, calling Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice a “bloodsucker” and claiming the current Lebanese government is a puppet of Washington.
He did not set a date for the anti-government protests, which he said should be nonviolent. But he told supporters and political allies to get ready to take to Beirut’s streets for days or even weeks to force the resignation of the government.
“We, all of us, must be psychologically and morally ready to take to the streets. It is one means for the required movement,” Nasrallah said in a speech Saturday which was aired Sunday on Hezbollah’s TV station Al-Manar.
“We do not want riots ... We must respect private and public property. We will not allow any clashes even if (anti-Syrian groups) stage a counter street demonstration,” he said. “We are capable of taking to the street and staying there for a day, two, or three, or a week, or two or three weeks, or for more or less until we eventually impose by our peaceful, civilized and democratic means the toppling of an illegitimate and unconstitutional government.”
Political and sectarian tensions have been mounting in Lebanon as a result of a power struggle between rival factions intensified by Hezbollah’s 34-day war with Israel this summer.
The Shiite guerrilla group, which is backed by Syria and Iran, has demanded the formation of a national unity government that would essentially give it and its allies veto power over major decisions. But negotiations among groups broke down last week, and six Cabinet ministers, including two from Hezbollah, resigned.
Shortly after Nasrallah’s speech was broadcast, the sounds of gunfire and fireworks reverberated across Beirut’s predominantly Shiite southern suburbs, a Hezbollah stronghold heavily bombarded by Israel during the fighting in July and August. Al-Manar said Nasrallah delivered the speech on Saturday in the southern suburbs.
Nasrallah accused the government of Prime Minister Fuad Saniora, which is backed by the anti-Syrian parliamentary majority, of falling under the influence of the President Bush’s administration. He said the government had become “illegitimate” and “unconstitutional” after the ministers resigned.
“This is the government of Feltman and not the government of Prime Minister Fuad Saniora,” Nasrallah said, referring to the U.S. Ambassador to Lebanon Jeffrey Feltman who has repeatedly reaffirmed his country’s support for the Saniora government. The remark drew applause and chants of “Death to America” from Nasrallah’s audience made up of Hezbollah members charged with organizing the protests.
“We want to liberate our country from the hegemony of Ambassador Feltman and the bloodsucker Rice,” he said.
Hezbollah has accused Rice and the Bush administration of foiling Arab efforts in the U.N. Security Council to arrange an early cease-fire in Israel-Hezbollah war, claiming Washington wanted to give Israel time to try to destroy Hezbollah’s military infrastructure. The fighting ended with a U.N.-brokered cease-fire resolution on Aug. 14 and more than 1,000 people died on both sides of the border.
Lebanon’s political crisis has deepened since late October when Nasrallah began threatening mass protests unless Hezbollah’s demand for a national unity government was met.
Saniora, backed by the anti-Syrian coalition, has vowed to stay in power and refused to give veto power to Hezbollah and its allies.
‘National unity government’
Nasrallah repeated his demand for the unity government to include Christian leader Gen. Michel Aoun’s faction, a Hezbollah ally, as a way out of the current political deadlock. The move would also reduce the sectarian appearance of the exclusively Shiite group’s bid for greater political power.
“We have two options to break the political deadlock: formation of a national unity government in which the country’s major political forces participate in an effective way, or early parliamentary elections,” he said.
But Nasrallah insisted he was not trying to cause radical change.
“Come let’s form a national unity government. ... Nobody is raising arms, nobody is making a coup or popular revolution,” he said.
The demonstrations are not aimed at changing the ruling system or causing a “radical political coup” in Lebanon, he said. “All we want is to have a national government that will not make Lebanon an American or an Israeli tool.”
Nasrallah ruled out civil war, undermining Lebanon’s stability or Sunni-Shiite strife, all of which he said were “red lines” Hezbollah would not cross.
Washington has accused Hezbollah backers Iran and Syria of seeking to topple the Saniora government and attempting to block the formation of an international tribunal to prosecute the suspected killers of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri. Both Iran and Syria have denied the charges.
The Lebanese government last week approved the draft agreement for the tribunal’s formation, and the U.N. Security Council was expected to discuss the draft on Monday. Lebanon’s pro-Syrian President Emile Lahoud opposed the Cabinet’s decision, saying it lacked legitimacy after the ministers resigned.
Hariri was killed with 22 others in a suicide truck bombing in February 2005. The assassination sparked huge protests against Syria, which was widely seen as culpable. Syria denies it was behind the killing.