The killing of the top Taliban commander Mullah Dadullah, a one-legged fighter who orchestrated suicide attacks, beheadings and an ethnic massacre, marks a major victory for the U.S. campaign at a time of flagging Afghan support over civilian killings.
As victims of Dadullah’s brutality celebrated his death Sunday, analysts called the killing the most significant Taliban loss since the 2001 U.S.-led invasion. But even NATO acknowledged that Dadullah, who directed some of the Taliban’s most notorious violence, would soon be replaced.
Dadullah, a top lieutenant of Taliban leader Mullah Omar, was killed in the southern province of Helmand during a U.S.-led operation that also involved NATO and Afghan troops, NATO’s International Security Assistance Force said.
Kandahar Gov. Asadullah Khalid, who called Dadullah a “brutal and cruel commander” showed the body to reporters in Kandahar who saw a one-legged corpse with bullet wounds to the head, chest and stomach.
Rahimullah Yusufzai, a Peshawar-based editor for the Pakistani newspaper The News and an expert on the Taliban, said Dadullah’s death was “the biggest loss for the Taliban in the last six years.” But he noted that even though the Taliban were demoralized after Osmani’s death in December, they quickly resumed attacks.
“I don’t think they can find someone as daring and as important as Dadullah,” Yusufzai said. “I think maybe temporarily some of their big operations will be disrupted, but I don’t think it will have a long-term effect.”
Mustafa Alani, director of security and terrorism studies at the Dubai-based Gulf Research Center, noted that insurgent attacks in Iraq did not abate after the killing of al-Qaida’s leader in Iraq, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, last June.
“In this sort of organization, people are replaceable, and always there is a second layer, third layer. They will graduate to the leadership,” Alani said. “He is important, no doubt about it. Yes, it is a moral victory, but he’s replaceable.”
Still, Dadullah’s particular brand of cruelty was unmatched inside the Taliban.
Dadullah’s men videotaped beheadings of Afghans suspected of cooperating with international forces or the Afghan government, and the suicide bombers he is believed to have commanded have killed or injured hundreds of Afghan civilians, soldiers and police, as well as dozens of international forces.
In 1999 he led a Taliban massacre of ethnic Hazaras in the province of Bamiyan, where the Taliban in 2000 destroyed two ancient Buddha statues carved into a hillside cliff.
“This morning a friend told me that Dadullah had been killed and I wanted to shout out to the people ‘Congratulations! Congratulations!’ I was so happy I started crying,” said Munir Naqshbandi, brother of Ajmal Naqshbandi, the Afghan journalist who was believed to have been kidnapped and beheaded by Dadullah’s men last month.
“Dadullah was a cancer on the body of the Afghan people. It is good news for all the people of Afghanistan, not just the Naqshbandi family,” he said.
More violence expected
The Taliban’s former ambassador to Pakistan, Abdul Salam Zaeef, said Dadullah’s death would stir more violence and could motivate supporters to take revenge. He said negotiations were the only way to end the insurgency, echoing a call by Afghanistan’s upper house of parliament this week for talks with Afghan Taliban fighters.
“When they are killing one Mullah Dadullah, they are creating 10 more,” Zaeef said.
Yusufzai said many Taliban fighters had been unhappy with Dadullah, saying he maligned the militant group with his beheadings, a rash of kidnappings and boastful videos that starred himself firing guns and walking in Afghanistan’s mountains.
“They thought he had become too big for his shoes,” Yusufzai said.