Wall Street rallied Wednesday, reversing the Dow Jones industrial average’s three-day losing streak, but investors still appeared skittish ahead of the Federal Reserve’s interest rate decision.
Stocks initially dropped sharply, after the Commerce Department reported that orders for durable goods plunged 2.8 percent in May following three months of increases, but then the market clawed its way back up. Investors hope the U.S. economy rebounds from its recent slowdown, but they also don’t want growth to be so strong that it warrants a rate hike by the Fed.
Given the market’s turbulence over the past few weeks due to soaring bond yields, investors will be looking for any clues of policy makers’ views on the economy and inflation in the central bank’s statement Thursday, when it is expected to keep the benchmark rate steady at 5.25 percent.
The Fed — which is expected to keep the benchmark rate steady at 5.25 percent after its two-day meeting ends Thursday — has stated recently that it expects the economy to recover from a weak first quarter despite difficulties in the housing market, and that inflation remains a paramount concern.
“We’d like to hear a Fed that’s much closer to the center, because they’re still pretty hawkish. They sound closer to tightening than to easing,” said Arthur Hogan, chief market analyst at Jefferies & Co. Rate hikes tend to slow down business and can dampen corporate profits.
According to preliminary calculations, the Dow rose 90.07, or 0.68 percent, to 13,427.73, after dropping 77 points earlier in the day. The blue-chip index had lost a total of 208 points in the previous three sessions.
Broader indexes also rose. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index gained 13.45, or 0.90 percent, to 1,506.34, and the Nasdaq composite index jumped 31.19, or 1.21 percent, to 2,605.35.
Treasury bond prices finished little changed despite the weak durable goods data. The 10-year Treasury note’s yield was at 5.09 percent, the same as late Tuesday.
On Thursday, all eyes will be on the Fed’s statement.
“If they change the statement, people will pick up on that, no doubt. No matter what the change is, people will think it means something,” said Janna Sampson, director of portfolio management at Oakbrook Investments.
Much of the choppiness in the market, though, has been from people simply rebalancing their portfolios as the second quarter ends and ahead of the July Fourth holiday week, Sampson added.
“We’ve got that internally here, people moving money around. We’re heading into a pretty quiet week next week — people are trying to get their houses in order before going on vacation,” she said.
The bulk of second-quarter earnings results arrive in mid-July. So far, earnings news has been mostly positive.
Oracle rose 53 cents, or 2.8 percent, to $19.69, after saying late Tuesday that its profit in the most recent quarter rose 23 percent, and that sales in the current quarter could beat estimates.
ConAgra on Wednesday reported a surge in its quarterly profit, despite the ongoing costs of recalling its Peter Pan peanut butter. The company, whose brands include Healthy Choice and Chef Boyardee, saw its stock rise $1.14, or 4.5 percent, to $26.70.
Nike Inc. said late Tuesday that growth in the United States and abroad pushed profit up 32 percent in the most recent quarter compared to the year-ago period. Nike rose $4.47, or 8.3 percent, to $58.29.
Though some investors are concerned that rising bond yields could translate to higher rates and dampen buyout activity, deal-making continued Wednesday.
Guitar Center Inc., the largest U.S. musical instrument retailer, said its board accepted a $1.9 billion cash buyout offer from a private equity firm. Guitar Center soared $9.92, or 19.8 percent, to $59.98.
Meanwhile, banking company People’s United Financial Inc. agreed to buy Chittenden Corp., which operates banks in New England, for $1.9 billion in cash and stock. Chittenden rose $6.91, or 24.5 percent, to $35.15, while People’s United Financial fell 54 cents, or 2.9 percent, to $18.17.
And CommScope Inc., which supplies coaxial cable and other networking infrastructure, said it is buying cable maker Andrew Corp. for about $2.6 billion. Andrew Corp. rose $1.42, or 10.9 percent, to $14.40, while CommScope rose 71 cents to $55.87.
The Russell 2000 index of smaller companies rose 12.33, or 1.49 percent, to 838.46.
Advancing issues outnumbered decliners by about 3 to 1 on the New York Stock Exchange, where volume came to 1.76 billion shares, up from 1.73 billion shares Tuesday.
Crude oil futures for August delivery rose $1.20 to $68.97 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange after the government said U.S. gasoline inventories dropped last week.
The dollar was mixed against other major currencies. Gold slipped.
Overseas, Japan’s Nikkei stock average fell 1.20 percent, and the sometimes-volatile Shanghai Composite Exchange rose 2.65 percent. Britain’s FTSE 100 fell 0.48 percent, Germany’s DAX index fell 0.75 percent, and France’s CAC-40 fell 0.20 percent.