Today in History — July 19

/ Source: The Associated Press

Today is Thursday, July 19, the 200th day of 2007. There are 165 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On July 19, 1848, a pioneer women’s rights convention convened in Seneca Falls, N.Y.

On this date:
In 1553, 15-year-old Lady Jane Grey was deposed as Queen of England after claiming the crown for nine days. King Henry VIII’s daughter Mary was proclaimed Queen.

In 1870, the Franco-Prussian war began.

In 1941, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill launched his “V for Victory” campaign in Europe.

In 1943, allied air forces raided Rome during World War II.

In 1969, Apollo 11 and its astronauts, Neil Armstrong, Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin and Michael Collins, went into orbit around the moon.

In 1975, the Apollo and Soyuz space capsules that were linked in orbit for two days separated.

In 1980, the Moscow Summer Olympics began, minus dozens of nations that were boycotting the games because of the Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan.

In 1984, U.S. Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro, D-N.Y., won the Democratic nomination for vice president by acclamation at the party’s convention in San Francisco.

In 1989, 112 people were killed when a United Air Lines DC-10 crashed while making an emergency landing at Sioux City, Iowa; 184 other people survived.

In 1996, opening ceremonies were held in Atlanta for the 26th Summer Olympic Games.

Ten years ago: The Irish Republican Army declared a new cease-fire and opened the way for supporters to join peace talks with Northern Ireland’s pro-British Protestants. Eleven armored carriers from NATO gathered in a show of force near the home of ousted Serb leader Radovan Karadzic, Bosnia’s No. 1 war crimes suspect.

Five years ago: The Dow Jones industrials dipped below their post-terrorist attack lows in a 390-point selloff. ConAgra Beef Co. of Colorado asked Americans to destroy 19 million pounds of hamburger meat because of E. coli concerns. Alejandro Avila was arrested in connection with the slaying of 5-year-old Samantha Runnion of Stanton, Calif. Celebrated musicologist Alan Lomax died in Safety Harbor, Fla., at age 87.

One year ago: President George Bush issued his first presidential veto, rejecting a bill that could have multiplied federal money for embryonic stem cell research. Prosecutors reported that Chicago police beat, kicked, shocked or otherwise tortured scores of black suspects from the 1970s to the early 1990s to try to extract confessions from them. Actor Jack Warden died in New York at age 85.

Today’s Birthdays: Former Sen. George McGovern is 85. Actor Pat Hingle is 83. Actress Helen Gallagher is 81. Country singer Sue Thompson is 81. Country singer George Hamilton IV is 70. Actor Dennis Cole is 67. Singer Vikki Carr is 66. Country singer-musician Commander Cody is 63. Actor George Dzundza is 62. Rock singer-musician Alan Gorrie (Average White Band) is 61. Rock musician Brian May is 60. Rock musician Bernie Leadon is 60. Actress Beverly Archer is 59. Actor Peter Barton is 51. Rock musician Kevin Haskins (Love and Rockets; Bauhaus) is 47. Movie director Atom Egoyan is 47. Actor Campbell Scott is 46. Actor Anthony Edwards is 45. Country singer Kelly Shiver is 44. Actress Clea Lewis is 42. Classical singer Urs Buhler (Il Divo) is 36. Actor Andrew Kavovit is 36. Actress Rachel Miner is 27. Actor Jared Padalecki is 25. Actor Steven Anthony Lawrence is 17.

Thought for Today: “An optimist sees opportunity in every calamity. A pessimist sees calamity in every opportunity.” — Anonymous.