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Today in History — September 27

Celebrity birthdays, highlights in history, plus more facts about this day.
/ Source: The Associated Press

Today is Thursday, Sept. 27, the 270th day of 2007. There are 95 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On Sept. 27, 1964, the government publicly released the report of the Warren Commission, which found that Lee Harvey Oswald had acted alone in assassinating President Kennedy.

On this date:
In 1779, John Adams was named to negotiate the Revolutionary War’s peace terms with Britain.

In 1825, the first locomotive to haul a passenger train was operated by George Stephenson in England.

In 1854, the first great disaster involving an Atlantic Ocean liner occurred when the steamship Arctic sank with 300 people aboard.

In 1928, the United States said it was recognizing the Nationalist Chinese government.

In 1939, Warsaw, Poland, surrendered after weeks of resistance to invading forces from Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union during World War II.

In 1942, Glenn Miller and his Orchestra performed together for the last time, at the Central Theater in Passaic, N.J., prior to Miller’s entry into the Army.

In 1954, “Tonight!” hosted by Steve Allen, made its network debut on NBC-TV.

In 1956, Olympic track and field gold medalist and Hall of Fame golfer Babe Didrikson Zaharias died in Galveston, Texas, at age 45.

In 1979, Congress gave final approval to forming the Department of Education, the 13th Cabinet agency in U.S. history.

In 1991, President George H.W. Bush announced in a nationally broadcast address that he was eliminating all U.S. battlefield nuclear weapons, and called on the Soviet Union to match the gesture.

Ten years ago: The space shuttle Atlantis blasted off, docking hours later with the problem-plagued Russian Mir station to drop off American David Wolf and pick up Michael Foale.

Five years ago: President George W. Bush said the United Nations should have a chance to force Saddam Hussein to give up his weapons of mass destruction before the United States acted on its own against Iraq, but told a Republican fundraising event in Denver that action had to come quickly.

One year ago: President Bush hosted a peacemaking dinner at the White House for the bickering leaders of Pakistan and Afghanistan, Gen. Pervez Musharraf and Hamid Karzai. Republicans announced they would hold their 2008 presidential convention in the Twin Cities of Minneapolis-St. Paul. A gunman took six girls hostage at a high school in Bailey, Colo.; he molested them and killed one girl before committing suicide.

Today’s Birthdays: Former Illinois Sen. Charles Percy is 88. Actress Jayne Meadows is 87. Movie director Arthur Penn is 85. Actress Sada Thompson is 78. Actress Kathleen Nolan is 74. Actor Wilford Brimley is 73. Actor Claude Jarman Jr. is 73. Author Barbara Howar is 73. Producer Don Cornelius (“Soul Train”) is 71. Singer-musician Randy Bachman (Bachman-Turner Overdrive) is 64. Actress Liz Torres is 60. Actor A Martinez is 59. Actor Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa is 57. Rock singer Meat Loaf is 56. Rock musician Greg Ham (Men At Work) is 54. Singer Shaun Cassidy is 49. Rock singer Stephan Jenkins (Third Eye Blind) is 43. Actor Patrick Muldoon is 39. Singer Mark Calderon is 37. Actress Amanda Detmer is 36. Actress Gwyneth Paltrow is 35. Country musician Patrick Bourque (Emerson Drive) is 30. Rock singer Brad Arnold (3 Doors Down) is 29. Rapper Lil’ Wayne is 25. Singer Avril Lavigne is 23.

Thought for Today: “I have lived in this world just long enough to look carefully the second time into things that I am most certain of the first time.” — “Josh Billings” (Henry Wheeler Shaw), American humorist (1818-1885).