If authentic, files purported to be from a dead rebel's laptop offer an intimate portrait of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez’s desire to undermine Colombia’s U.S.-allied government.
The files, which Colombia says were found on a laptop used by Raul Reyes, contend that sympathies Chavez first aired publicly in January grew out of a relationship that dates back more than a decade. But Chavez is not one of the correspondents, and his sentiments mentioned in these documents are relayed solely through the rebels.
Venezuela says the documents are lies and fabrications. If they are, they are expertly done.
Not only might they offer an unprecedented glimpse into the rebels’ mind-set, they also mention diplomatic overtures from governments including the United States — cryptically — and France — explicitly.
They are signed electronically by the most powerful men in the leftist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, the hemisphere’s oldest and most potent rebel movement.
Those signing the documents include:
- Reyes, the FARC’s foreign minister and public face, whose killing struck a chilling blow to the group;
- Manuel Marulanda, the rebels’ 77-year-old supreme leader;
- Jorge Briceno, their much-feared field marshal;
- Ivan Marquez, the insurgents’ apparent go-between with Chavez. Marquez is believed to live in Venezuela.
Copies of 13 documents were sent to reporters Tuesday by Colombia’s national police chief, Gen. Oscar Naranjo. He revealed their existence Sunday as his government came under a withering diplomatic assault for violating Ecuador’s territory with the raid that killed Reyes and 23 other rebels.
They indicate that Chavez, seeking to raise the FARC’s stature and relieve it of its international pariah status, shares their goal of isolating and discrediting Colombia’s president, Alvaro Uribe.
But do they prove that Venezuela was actually financing the FARC’s bid to overthrow a democratically elected government? That’s not clear.
What does '300' stand for?
Naranjo alleges the “300,” called the “dossier” in a Dec. 23 message signed by Marquez, refers to a $300 million gift from Chavez to the rebels.
In a Jan. 14 missive, Briceno discusses what to do with the “dossier.”
“Who, where, when and how will we receive the dollars and store them?” he asks fellow members of the FARC’s seven-man ruling secretariat.
Uribe has worked as no other Colombian president to defeat the FARC. So it’s no surprise that in the Jan. 14 message, Briceno discusses a desire to undermine Uribe by making him cede a safe haven to the rebels for talks on a prisoner swap.
“Uribe will become more isolated, together with his boss from the North,” a clear reference to President Bush, whose government provides Colombia with some $600 million a year in military aid.
In a document dated Feb. 9, Marquez passes along Chavez’s thanks for a $150,000 gift when he was imprisoned from 1992-94 for leading a failed coup — and indicates Chavez’s desire to smear Uribe.
Marquez tells Marulanda and the other secretariat members that Venezuela wants documentation of damage by Colombia’s military to “the civilian population, also images of bombardments in the jungle and its devastation — to use as a denunciation before the world.”
Marquez also relays that Chavez’s government “invites the FARC to participate in some sessions of the analysis group he’s formed to follow Colombia’s political situation.”
In a letter the previous day to the same recipients, Marquez discusses Chavez’s plan to try to persuade leading Latin American nations to help get the FARC removed from lists of international terror groups.
At least three of the documents express Chavez’s deep desire to meet with Marulanda, hopefully on Venezuelan soil. Marulanda has reportedly never left Colombia.
Marquez also says Chavez is prepared to offer Venezuelan territory for the FARC’s desired prisoner swap, which would be a huge embarrassment for Uribe. The FARC has proposed exchanging some 40 hostages, including three U.S. military contractors, for hundreds of rebels currently in Colombia’s jails.
The FARC captured the three when their surveillance plane crashed in February 2003.
The rebels have released six hostages — all Colombian politicians — since Uribe tried to end Chavez’s mediation role with the FARC in November, accusing the Venezuelan president of overstepping his mandate.
Betancourt reportedly very ill
The four freed most recently, on Feb. 27, say hostage Ingrid Betancourt, a former presidential candidate who also holds French citizenship, is extremely ill.
Betancourt has become a cause celebre in France. French contacts with Reyes are mentioned in several documents, including a request that the French envoy, identified only as “Noe,” be granted a meeting with Marulanda.
References to U.S. diplomatic overtures are scintillating, if vague.
In a Dec. 11 message to the secretariat, Marquez writes: “If you are in agreement, I can receive Jim and Tucker to hear the proposal of the gringos.”
The same message says an Italian referred to only as Consolo has told Marquez “the European Parliament wants to get involved in the prisoner exchange.”
Reference to Obama
Writing two days before his death, Reyes tells his secretariat comrades that “the gringos,” working through Ecuador’s government, are interested “in talking to us on various issues.”
“They say the new president of their country will be (Barack) Obama,” noting that Obama rejects both the Bush administration’s free trade agreement with Colombia and the current military aid program.
Reyes said the response he relayed is that the United States would have to publicly express that desire.
Another message, to Reyes from a lower-ranking commander and dated Feb. 16, includes mention of a possible purchase of 50 kilos — 110 pounds — of uranium.
Uribe’s government has claimed that means the FARC was seeking to build a dirty bomb. But the message discusses a different motive: selling the uranium at a profit.