The Senate passed legislation Thursday to let the State Department settle all remaining lawsuits against Libya by U.S. terrorism victims.
The bill paves the way for healing the last rifts between the United States and Libya — but only after the country fully compensates Americans harmed in Libyan-sponsored attacks, including the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 and the 1986 blast of the La Belle discotheque in Berlin.
The Senate passed the measure unanimously Thursday, and the House could follow suit by the end of the week, sending it to President Bush.
Gives Libya immunity
It creates a new fund to compensate the victims and grants Libya immunity from terrorism-related lawsuits once the secretary of state certifies that they have all been fully compensated.
The measure could lend momentum to the Bush administration's attempts to restore full ties between Washington and Tripoli, which have stalled over the terrorism claims. Congress has blocked direct aid to Libya, the construction of a new U.S. Embassy there, and the confirmation of the first U.S. ambassador to the nation until U.S. victims are paid.
"For too many years, Libya has refused to accept responsibility for its horrific acts of terrorism against American victims. But after the pressure we applied, Libya can finally be held accountable for these devastating events," Sen. Frank R. Lautenberg, D-N.J., said in a statement. "Now these victims and their families can get the long overdue justice they deserve."
The State Department said the measure was a good outcome for victims' families.
"It will allow them the fair and just compensation that they've been seeking in an expeditious manner," spokesman Sean McCormack told reporters. He said it would also "allow the United States and Libya to finally close the book on a contentious period in our relationship and to look to the future."
Victims' families applaud measure
Victims' families also cheered the measure.
"After 20 years of waiting, the (legislation) is a final step toward resolving the last payment by Libya," Kara Weipz, a spokeswoman for the Pan Am 103 families, said in a statement.
Libya has paid the 268 families involved in the Pan Am settlement $8 million each, and owes them another $2 million.
The United States had no diplomatic relations with Libya from 1980 until late 2003, when leader Moammar Gadhafi pledged to abandon his weapons of mass destruction programs, stop exporting terrorism and compensate the families of victims of several attacks, including the Pan Am 103 bombing.
Those steps marked the beginning of the end of decades of international pariah status for Libya, once so reviled that it was the target of U.S. airstrikes ordered by President Reagan in 1986.
Libya was given a reprieve from U.N., U.S. and European sanctions, removed from the State Department's list of state sponsors of terrorism, and allowed a seat on the U.N. Security Council.
But the rapprochement hit a snag over the compensation claims.
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, who has said she hopes to visit Libya to mark the turning point in relations, has for months been trying to resolve the situation, and the top U.S. diplomat for the Middle East, David Welch, has held numerous meetings with Libyan officials on the matter, the last of which was earlier this month in Abu Dhabi.