Stocks tumbled Tuesday, nearly erasing the previous session’s big gains, after fresh concerns about the stability of Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. punctured a sense of optimism about the financial sector. Each of the major indexes lost more than 2 percent. The Dow Jones industrials fell nearly 300 points.
Meanwhile, bond prices jumped as investors sought the safety of government debt.
Wall Street’s pullback came one day after the biggest single-session rally in a month in the Dow so some retrenchment was to be expected. Investors had been hopeful about the sector after the Treasury Department announced Sunday it would seize control of mortgage finance companies Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in an effort to help stabilize the troubled housing market.
But worries over the fate of Lehman rattled investors, and sent the shares of the No. 4 U.S. investment bank down nearly 50 percent. Wall Street is concerned that the bank is having trouble finding new sources of capital, with a possible investment from South Korea’s government-owned Korea Development Bank in doubt.
Many financial companies, including Lehman, have struggled with souring mortgage debt on their books and have looked to outside sources of funding to shore up their balance sheets.
“We’re back to the fundamentals again,” said Denis Amato, chief investment officer at Ancora Advisors in Cleveland, referring to investors’ mentality a day after sending stocks higher. “These financial maneuverings don’t create prosperity,” he said of the government’s moves to aid Fannie and Freddie. “Just because you make some financial change doesn’t mean all the sudden the economy gets better.”
The Dow fell 280.01, or 2.43 percent, to 11,230.73.
Broader indexes also fell. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index declined 43.28, or 3.41 percent, to 1,224.51, and the Nasdaq composite index fell 59.95, or 2.64 percent, to 2,209.81.
The declines ate into returns logged Monday when the Dow jumped 2.6 percent, the S&P 500 rose 2.1 percent and the technology-heavy Nasdaq composite index added 0.62 percent.
Bond prices jumped as stocks retreated. The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note, which moves opposite its price, fell to 3.57 percent in late trading from 3.68 percent late Monday.
Oil closed below $104 a barrel for the first time since early April after Hurricane Ike appeared to be headed away from energy installations in the Gulf Coast. In Vienna, OPEC’s president signaled the cartel wouldn’t cut production. Light, sweet crude fell $3.08 to settle at $103.26.
The dollar was mixed against other major currencies, while gold prices fell.
A weaker-than-expected report on pending U.S. home sales likely added to Wall Street’s downbeat mood. The National Association of Realtors said its seasonally adjusted index of pending sales for existing homes fell 3.2 percent to 86.5 from an upwardly revised June reading of 89.4. The index was 6.8 percent below year-ago levels, and missed projections for a reading of 88.6.
Worries about Lehman weighed on the entire financial sector. Lehman shares hit their lowest since the collapse of hedge fund Long-Term Capital Management in 1998. Shares dropped $6.36, or 45 percent, to close at $7.79.
“It’s really spooking the market,” said Jim Herrick, manager of equity trading at Baird & Co. “Once rumors came out that talks had broken down it caused stocks to have this massive sell-off.”
“They don’t want another run on the bank,” he said.
Investors are worried that Lehman could suffer the same fate as Bear Stearns Cos., which J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. bought after Bear’s near collapse in March.
The pessimism comes a day after investors greeted the government’s plan to take over Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac with a burst of enthusiasm. Investors had been worried that the companies, which hold or back about half the nation’s mortgage debt, would succumb to a spike in bad loans. Fannie Mae jumped 26 cents, or 35.6 percent, to close at 99 cents, while Freddie Mac closed at 88 cents, unchanged from the previous day’s session.
Among financial names, Citigroup Inc. fell $1.44, or 7.1 percent, to $18.88, while Morgan Stanley fell $2.87, or 6.6 percent, to $40.40. Merrill Lynch & Co. declined $2.83, or 10.3 percent, to $24.76.
Shares of American International Group Inc. tumbled $4.39, or 19.3 percent, to $18.37, after hitting a new 52-week low of $18.28 earlier in the session.
Energy companies also lost ground as oil fell.
In corporate news, McDonald’s Corp. said its same-store sales, or sales at stores open at least 13 months, rose 4.5 percent in the U.S. in August and 8.5 percent globally. The stock rose 77 cents to $63.19.
The Russell 2000 index of smaller companies fell 25.57, or 3.49 percent, to 707.29.
Declining issues outnumbered advancers by about 9 to 1 on the New York Stock Exchange, where consolidated volume came to 7.19 billion shares, compared with 7.17 billion shares on Monday.