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Russia signs treaties with 2 breakaway regions

Russia cemented its ties with Georgia's two breakaway provinces on Wednesday by signing friendship treaties envisaging close economic and military cooperation.
Russia Security Council
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev speaks at the Security Council in Moscow's Kremlin on Wednesday.AP
/ Source: The Associated Press

Russia cemented its ties with Georgia's two breakaway provinces on Wednesday by signing friendship treaties envisaging close economic and military cooperation.

President Dmitry Medvedev pledged that Russia will protect Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which Russia has recognized as two independent nations after the last month's war with Georgia.

"Our key task today is to ensure security of Abkhazia and South Ossetia," Medvedev said during an elaborate signing ceremony in the Kremlin. "The treaties envisage that our nations together will take all the necessary steps to fend off threats to peace. We won't allow any new military adventurism, no one must have any illusions about that."

Georgia's Deputy Foreign Minister Grigol Vashadze dismissed the treaties as legally void.

"Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region are inseparable parts of Georgia," Vashadze told reporters in the Georgian capital. "The treaties signed in Moscow carry no legal force and contradict international law."

Eduard Kokoity, the South Ossetian leader, and Sergei Bagapsh, the leader of Abkhazia, signed the treaties with Medvedev.

Russia has said it will permanently deploy nearly 8,000 troops in the regions on a long-term basis.

Russia exit from Georgia next month?
Russia has pledged to withdraw all other forces now on Georgian territory outside South Ossetia and Abkhazia within 10 days of the deployment of EU monitors who are supposed to be in place by Oct. 1. But it is pushing to keep Western observers away from South Ossetia and Abkhazia.

Vashadze said that at an international conference set to open in Geneva in mid-October Georgia will demand that a full Russian withdrawal from its territory, including both breakaway provinces.

Last month's war and Moscow's recognition of the two regions have pushed Russia-West relations to the lowest point since the Cold War. Nicaragua is the only other country that has recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Also Wednesday, Russia issued an unusually harsh condemnation of the NATO chief's visit to Georgia, saying it showed a Cold War mentality and would further destabilize the region.

NATO's support for Georgia after last month's war with Russia last month can only be seen as "encouraging Tbilisi to engage in new reckless ventures," Russia's Foreign Ministry said.

NATO envoys in Georgia
NATO Secretary-General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer and envoys from all 26 member countries were in Georgia this week. The former Soviet republic is eager to join the Western military alliance, a step Russia strongly opposes.

In a strong message of support for Georgia, de Hoop Scheffer said Tuesday that its "road to NATO is still wide open." "No other country will have a veto over that process, nor will we allow our strong ties to Georgia to be broken by outside military intervention and pressure," he said.

The NATO delegation visited the central Georgian city of Gori, which was bombed and occupied by Russian troops during the five-day war in August.

Russia's Foreign Ministry said the Gori visit sent an obvious anti-Russian message. The NATO chief would have gotten a more objective picture by visiting the capital of South Ossetia, which came under heavy Georgian shelling during the war, the ministry said.