Gangs of youths smashed their way through central Athens, Thessaloniki and other Greek cities on Monday, torching stores and buildings in the third day of mayhem after the fatal police shooting of a teenager.
In the country's worst rioting in decades, dozens of shops, banks and even luxury hotels had their windows smashed and burned as youths fought running battles with riot police. Black smoke rose above the city center, mingling with clouds of tear gas.
In an outpouring of rage, high school and university students joined self-styled anarchists in throwing everything from fruit and coins to rocks and Molotov cocktails at police and attacked police stations throughout the day.
"Cops! Pigs! Murderers!" protesters screamed at riot police.
By early Tuesday, authorities said violence in Athens was abating.
Nearly 90 arrested
Police spokesman Panayiotis Stathis said 89 people have been arrested for attacks on police, vandalism and looting. Another 79 people were detained for questioning, and 12 police officers were injured, he said.
Most of the rioters were holed up in a university building in the city center. "The rest of town is quiet," Stathis said early Tuesday.
The fire service said it responded to more than 200 blazes in central Athens Monday.
Prime Minister Costas Karamanlis, whose increasingly unpopular government has already faced a growing number of sometimes violent demonstrations in recent months, convened an emergency Cabinet meeting Monday night.
"All the dangerous and unacceptable events that occurred because of the emotions that followed the tragic incident cannot and will not be tolerated," Karamanlis said in a live televised address earlier Monday. "The state will protect society."
Rampage in streets
His calls for calm went unheeded. About 10,000 protesters from the Communist Party of Greece and another left-wing party marched through the center of Athens to protest the teenager's death.
Greek media also reported fires and destruction in the central cities of Larissa, Trikala, as well as in Corinth to the west of Athens, Piraeus, Corfu and the northern town of Veria.
In Athens, rioters torched the capital's massive Christmas tree in central Syntagma Square. As the hooded youths moved on, some protesters posed for photos in front of the blaze, and others sang the Greek version of "O Christmas Tree."
The windows of two of Athens' luxury hotels, the Athens Plaza and the Grande Bretagne on Syntagma Square, were smashed. A hotel guard at the Athens Plaza said its guests had been evacuated.
A lone man with a bucket of water struggled to extinguish a fire in the ground floor of the Foreign Ministry, opposite Parliament. Fires were also reported in the building of an airline and a Greek bank, as well as in tens of other stores in most of Athens' major central streets.
Rioters, meanwhile, set up burning barricades across downtown streets.
Scenes of destructionScenes of destruction also unfolded in Thessaloniki, where hundreds of masked and hooded youths hurled rocks and molotov cocktails at storefronts and riot police, who responded with tear gas.
The fire departments of both cities rushed to respond to the widespread destruction. In Athens, rioters surrounded one small fire truck as it tried to extinguish a blaze, smashing the truck's windows before setting it alight.
Elsewhere, rioters looted a store selling hunting weapons and swords.
Interior Minister Prokopis Pavlopoulos described the riots as "unacceptable" but insisted that police were responding as well as they could to the widespread destruction to property.
"Not a single life is in danger ... That is very important," Pavlopoulos said after the two-hour emergency Cabinet meeting. "Human life is top priority. Property comes next."
"Under no circumstances will the government tolerate what is happening," he said.
Riots first erupted Saturday across the country, from Thessaloniki in the north to the island of Crete in the south, hours after 15-year-old Alexandros Grigoropoulos was fatally shot by a police officer in Athens' often volatile Exarchia district.
The circumstances surrounding the shooting are unclear, but the two officers involved have been arrested; one has been charged with murder and the other as an accomplice. A coroner's report shows the boy was shot in the chest.
The boy's funeral is set for Tuesday afternoon. Schools were to shut Tuesday in mourning, while staff at universities declared a three-day strike.
The Police Officers' Association has apologized to the boy's family, and President Karolos Papoulias sent a telegram to his parents expressing his condolences.
Abroad, demonstrators raised banners at the Greek Embassy in London and the black-and-red anarchist flag at the Greek consulate in Berlin.
With the global financial crisis hitting Greek consumers, shop owners worried the violence would hurt consumer confidence.
"It comes at a time when we have been trying so hard to establish a Christmas spirit in the market," said Vassilis Krokidis, head of the Piraeus Traders' Association. "Our challenge remains getting through the economic crisis and saving the jobs of those who work in regular businesses."
One assistant at a china shop that was attacked and ruined said rioters didn't think about ordinary people like her.
"Nobody seems to care about the employees at the burnt shops, what will their fate be now over the Christmas season?" said the woman, who gave her name only as Eleni.
Anarchist violence frequent
Although there is little public support for street violence or wanton destruction of property, there is a deep well of tolerance for demonstrations in Greece, where the right to protest is held dear.
Violence often breaks out between riot police and anarchists during demonstrations in Greece. Anarchist groups are also blamed for late-night firebombings of targets such as banks and diplomatic vehicles. The attacks rarely cause injuries.
The self-styled anarchist movement partly traces its roots in the resistance to Greece's 1967-74 military dictatorship. The youths tend to espouse general anti-capitalist and anti-Establishment principles, and have long-running animosity toward the police.
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