Pulte Home Inc.'s $1.53 billion takeover of rival Centex Corp. was approved by shareholders of both companies Tuesday, creating the largest homebuilder in the United States.
The deal matches Pulte's division for retirement-age homebuyers with Centex's focus on young first-time buyers. By absorbing Centex, Pulte is now positioned to sell homes in 29 states and Washington D.C., under brands such as Del Webb, DiVosta and Fox & Jacobs. Pulte also gains large tracts of land in Texas, North Carolina and South Carolina.
"It was a very satisfying victory," said Richard Dugas Jr., Pulte's president and CEO, who now adds the title of chairman. He said he expected the transaction to be finalized by the end of the day.
The combined company is keeping the Pulte name and headquarters in Bloomfield Hills, Mich., but not all of the employees. Dugas didn't say how many people might lose their jobs, but said some cuts could come "right away."
Timothy Eller, the CEO of Dallas-based Centex, will serve as a director and vice chairman as well as a consultant for two years.
Pulte hopes to save $250 million by eliminating operations, staff and offices it doesn't need. It projects another $100 million in savings from paring down interest charges on debt.
Under the terms of the all-stock deal, announced in April, investors in Centex will receive 0.975 shares of Pulte common stock for each Centex share they hold. Pulte's stock traded in a tight range Tuesday, closing up 1 cent at $12.33 a share.
After the stock transfer, Pulte shareholders will own roughly 68 percent of the company, while Centex shareholders will own about 32 percent.
Pulte and Centex management had urged their shareholders to approve the takeover, arguing doing so would create a stronger, new company that will be able to thrive amid a housing downturn that has decimated builder profits and forced many smaller companies out of business.
The combined company now dwarfs Fort Worth, Texas-based D.R. Horton Inc., which builds homes in 27 states and was ranked the top builder in the U.S. last year by Builder magazine. Pulte held the No. 2 spot, followed by Centex.
As of the end of June, Centex and Pulte combined had more than $3.6 billion in cash reserves — a formidable war chest. But Pulte now also is saddled with around $6.3 billion in corporate debt, according to some analysts estimates.
At the peak of the housing boom in 2005, Pulte built 45,630 homes and Centex 37,022. Last year, both companies built less than half that many, and have slashed construction and prices to stem the red ink. Each builder has lost billions of dollars since the housing bubble burst.
But signs of a housing recovery have begun to emerge this year.
On Tuesday, the Commerce Department said construction of new single-family homes rose for the fifth-straight month in July as more buyers walked into model homes ready to sign contracts.
In recent weeks, several major homebuilders reported an increase in new home orders for the three months ended in June compared to the first three months of the year.
For the most part, however, that pickup in orders remains well off each builders' pace last year.
As the market improves, Pulte will be in a better position to fend off rivals.
"We have been working feverishly for four and a half months to do as much planning and (make) decisions on everything you can imagine when you bring two large companies together," Dugas said, "and now it's time to put it in action."