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2 held from ship that hit Barrier Reef

Australian police arrest a Chinese ship captain and senior officer and charge them with damaging the Great Barrier Reef, more than a week after their coal carrier ran aground.
Image: Damaged area of the Great Barrier Reef
The first images of the reef damage were released Wednesday, including this one of a diver on April 3 inspecting coral crushed by the Chinese bulk coal-carrier on Australia's Great Barrier Reef.Great Barrier Reef Marine Park via AFP - Getty Images
/ Source: The Associated Press

Australian police arrested a Chinese ship captain and senior officer Wednesday and charged them with damaging the Great Barrier Reef, more than a week after their coal carrier ran aground and tore a two-mile gash in the protected area.

The Shen Neng 1 veered out of a shipping lane and slammed into the reef on April 3, possibly smearing the coral with toxic paint that could prevent marine life from growing back. Even in the best case scenario, experts said the damage could take 20 years to heal.

Coral shredded the ship's hull, causing it to leak 2-3 tons of fuel oil. Most of the oil was dispersed by a chemical spray and did little or no damage to the reef itself, but officials said Wednesday they believe some of it has begun to wash up on the beaches of a wildlife sanctuary.

The Great Barrier Reef is a World Heritage site because of its gleaming waters and environmental value as home to thousands of marine species. The accident occurred in the southern tip of the reef, which is not the main tourism hub.

The Australian Federal Police said the ship's captain and the chief officer on watch during the accident would appear in court Thursday.

Handout photo taken on April 3, 2010 and released by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority on April 14, 2010 shows a scuba diver inspecting the damage caused by the grounding of the Chinese bulk coal-carrier 'Sheng Neng 1' to Douglas Shoals on Australia's Great Barrier Reef. Leaked oil from a Chinese ship which spent nine days grounded on the Great Barrier Reef has washed up at an important animal sanctuary, officials said. Clean-up crews and environmental experts headed to North West Island, a haven for seabirds and turtles, where clumps of oil have spread over about one kilometre (half-a-mile) of beach, marine safety authorities said. RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE AFP PHOTO / Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority / HO (Photo credit should read GBRMPA/AFP/Getty Images)Great Barrier Reef Marine Park

"Investigations showed that the Shen Neng 1 failed to turn at a waypoint (a specific latitude and longitude) required by the intended course of the ship," the police said in a statement.

The 47-year-old shipmaster was charged with liability for a vessel causing damage in a marine park, an offense that carries a maximum 55,000 Australian dollar ($51,200) fine. The 44-year-old chief officer is charged with being in charge of the vessel when it caused the damage, and faces up to three years in prison and a fine of up to AU$220,000.

The police said officers executed a search warrant on the ship on Wednesday. It was not clear what they were looking for.

The ship's owners, Shenzen Energy Transport, said last week they were cooperating with the investigation.

Su Zengdong, the chief manager of TOSCO-KEYMAX, which is in charge of the vessel's technical management, said Wednesday that the company was "fully cooperating with the Australian side in the investigation and pollution control." He had no further comment.

The 755-foot ship was successfully lifted off the reef Monday after crews spent three days removing its fuel to lighten it. Salvage crews later towed it to an anchorage area near Great Keppel Island, 45 miles away.

Before it was removed, tides and currents repeatedly pushed the ship along the reef, cutting a scar 1.9 miles long and up to 820 feet  wide into the coral.

Paint from the hull, used to prevent marine life from growing on it, was also smeared into the reef. Certain paints contain chemicals prevent growth, while others simply act as a barrier. Experts are analyzing paint samples to determine if it is the more toxic variety.

"There is more damage to this reef than I have ever seen in any previous Great Barrier Reef groundings," Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority chief scientist David Wachenfeld said Tuesday.

In some areas, "all marine life has been completely flattened and the structure of the shoal has been pulverized by the weight of the vessel," he added.

Globules of oil believed to be from the ship have washed ashore on North West Island, a turtle hatchery and bird sanctuary, said Adam Nicholson, a maritime safety spokesman for the northeastern state of Queensland.

Teams began Wednesday to clean up the globules, which were about an inch wide, and were scattered across about a half-mile of beach.