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NASA postpones shuttle landing due to rain

/ Source: staff and news service reports

NASA postponed the space shuttle Discovery's return to Earth until later Monday morning because of bad weather over the landing site in Florida.

The shuttle and its seven astronauts had been scheduled to land at the Kennedy Space Center at 8:48 a.m. ET on Monday after a 14-day resupply mission to the International Space Station. Their next landing opportunity is at 10:23 a.m. ET.

NASA had warned Discovery's astronauts to expect rain delays as they wrapped up their two-week mission and got ready to come home.

Shuttle commander Alan Poindexter said Sunday that he enjoys spending extra time in orbit and doesn't mind if Discovery can't make it back to Earth until Tuesday.

Mission Control promised to keep monitoring the weather in case the forecast improved. In the worst case, Discovery could always aim for the backup landing site in Southern California on Tuesday.

Poindexter and his crew are returning from the International Space Station after stockpiling it with supplies, science experiments and extra spare parts, including a tank full of ammonia coolant. It took three spacewalks to install the tank.

Providing Florida's weather cooperates, Discovery will crisscross much of the United States during re-entry, zooming in from the Pacific Northwest. For safety reasons, NASA typically prefers to bring a space shuttle home from the southwest, up over the South Pacific, Central America and the Gulf of Mexico.

Lessons learne the hard way
It's a lesson NASA learned the hard way in 2003, when Columbia shattered over Texas during re-entry. All seven astronauts were killed, but remarkably, no one was hurt on the ground by the wreckage.

Since then, only one other shuttle mission has ended with a continental flyover, back in 2007.

Before Discovery's April 5 liftoff, NASA altered the flight path to maximize the astronauts' work time in orbit without wearing them down.

The rare U.S. flyover — weather permitting — was going to provide a streaking light show for those beneath the flight path. For Monday's first landing opportunity at 8:48 a.m., Discovery would zoom over British Columbia and Alberta, swing down over Montana and the Dakotas, and pass over Sioux City, Iowa, and the middle of Missouri. Then it would come down over the eastern border of Arkansas and Tennessee, then over northeastern Mississippi and Alabama, southwestern Georgia and almost directly over Jacksonville.

The second opportunity, 1½ hours later, would have the shuttle crossing over Washington state and passing over more of the heartland.

Flight director Bryan Lunney said it should be an impressive sight, with the shuttle visible from the ground for as long as a couple minutes. And then there's the mighty sound. In 2007, the shuttle's sonic booms could be heard almost as far north as Nebraska, he said.

Of course, a landing in California would scratch all this.

Discovery has enough supplies to remain in orbit until Wednesday. Regardless of when the shuttle returns, the volcanic eruption in Iceland and cloud of ash over Europe will pose no concern, Lunney said. The shuttle won't be anywhere near that part of the world during re-entry.

Only three flights left
Only three shuttle flights remain. Pilot James Dutton Jr. said that was on his mind as he flew Discovery away from the International Space Station on Saturday.

"Definitely as we were backing away from the space station yesterday, there were a lot of oohs and aahs on the flight deck," Dutton told The Associated Press in an interview. "It was just absolutely beautiful to see that manmade creation up there, floating above the Earth."

He added: "The shuttle has made a huge contribution to space exploration."

The astronauts said they've been keeping up with news about NASA's change of course. President Barack Obama outlined his exploration plans during a visit Thursday to Kennedy Space Center, promising astronauts would head to an asteroid by 2025 and Mars by 2035.

"It's cool to think that we're back in the exploration business," astronaut Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger told the AP.

Metcalf-Lindenburger, 34, a former high school teacher, said she's from a generation that did not get to witness the Apollo moon landings. So she was excited about the previous administration's effort to return astronauts to the lunar surface.

"But an asteroid is quite a challenge" and could save the planet from the kind of destruction and extinction that occurred in the past, she noted.

"Wherever we go out in our solar system, from a teaching standpoint, I really hope that students are engaged in learning math and science, and taking as much advantage of the technology we have," she said. "We should always try to be a leader in this."