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Erotica gives book publishers surprising boost

"Thong on Fire" may sound more painful than sexy, but erotic books like it may just help keep the struggling publishing industry afloat. Once considered fringe, erotic literature is booming, with online book clubs and regular public readings.
Image: Image: Erotica
Mainstream publishing has gone sexually wide-open. Erotic books like "Candy Licker" and "Thong on Fire" are a bright spot in a struggling publishing industry.John Brecher /

"Thong on Fire" may sound more painful than sexy, but erotic books like it may just help keep the struggling publishing industry afloat. The popular novel is by Noire, a “twenty-something” writer of urban erotic fiction who has sold hundreds of thousands of books since she started publishing just a few years ago. Her book sales are huge numbers in the world of publishing and have made her something of a minor celebrity.

Mainstream publishing has gone sexually wide-open. Seventy-seven years ago it took an order by a federal judge, John Woolsey, to overturn the government’s obscenity ban on James Joyce’s classic novel "Ulysses." But in the past few years, Random House, Penguin, Kensington, Simon and Schuster and others have all inaugurated erotica imprints.

Exactly why erotic literature has become so popular now is a matter of speculation, though it doesn't seem entirely coincidental that the creators were mostly raised in the era of Madonna videos on MTV, open discussion of sex during the initial HIV scare, and the mainstreaming of porn. Much of the new erotica is simply porn moved to the printed page, only smarter and largely aimed at women.

Whatever the reason, publishers are pleased. At a time when overall book sales have been flat or declining for several years “we saw it as a growing opportunity; it has exploded,” Karen Auerbach, Kensington’s director of publicity told me. Cleis Press, a San Francisco Bay area publisher of erotica and other works has seen its sales rise by more than 56 percent over the past three years. (Neither Cleis nor other publishers would release exact sales figures.)

There are even a growing number of erotica book clubs, though, perhaps because of the explicit nature of the material, most don’t follow the same kind of meet-in-my-living-room format readers of the latest Mitch Albom tear jerker employ. For example, writers of erotica read their works at the In The Flesh reading series organized by writer and editor Rachel Kramer Bussel once a month at the appropriately named Happy Ending Lounge in Manhattan. The Erotic Literary Salon convenes every third Tuesday at a bar in Philadelphia. Online clubs and blogs like allow consumers to meet virtually. This month, Cleis started its own online book club.

Romance novels get raunchy
While erotic reading events may appeal to the kind of urban hipster who knows where to get the best chai lattes in Brooklyn, consumers of more traditional pulp romance are being enticed to cross over into erotica, too. The romance genre, which has traditionally featured passion in the context of adventurous love between one man and one woman and was rarely explicit, has expanded over the past several years to include bondage, fetish, multi-partner sex and same sex scenes. "Bound by Honor," for example, a book released last year by romance writer Colleen Gleason writing under the name Colette Gale, is a retelling of the Maid Marion/Robin Hood story.

“At court, Marian is torn between her duty to the queen and her desire for two men: one, the mysterious highwayman the peasants call Robin Hood, and the other, the dark, cold Sheriff of Nottingham,” the book’s promotional summary reads. “Given an impossible choice, she must submit to the carnality of Prince John’s court in order to fulfill her duty and maintain her honor.”

Of course she does.

“I tell people that if it were a movie it would be XXX-rated,” said Gleason, a 43-year-old Michigan wife and mother whose first erotica book wasn’t released until 2007.

Tryst with a shape shifter
Kensington started its Aphrodisia imprint in 2006 to feature paranormal romance with shape shifters, satyrs, vampires. That leaves a lot of room to experiment. Lead author Kate Douglas created the Wolf Tales series about human/wolf shape shifters and the series became a breakout hit. "Wolf Tales VIII," released this month, opens with a male-male-female threesome on the first page that is utterly unquotable, even in a sex column. I tried, but wound up with a series of ellipses.

American readers have always loved sexy books. Even in the late 1800s erotic tales circulated widely; Victorian novels like "The Pearl" and "The Romance of Lust" were popular on both sides of the Atlantic. But erotica was always underground because it was illegal.

Following the Ulysses case, and Grove Press braving prosecution to publish "Lady Chatterley’s Lover" by D.H. Lawrence and Henry Miller’s "Tropic of Cancer" in the U.S. in the 1950s and 1960s, sex in literature became increasingly acceptable. But novels and short stories in which erotica was the point were relegated mainly to fringe players. Now it’s mass market.

“Noire has been really fantastic for us,” Melody Guy top editor at One World/Ballantine, part of the Random House book group, said. “We launched her in 2005 and continue to sell her backlist.”

(Full disclosure: My most recent book, "America Unzipped," was published by another Random House imprint and I wrote an introductory essay for a book published by Cleis.)

'The sex is off the hook'
Urban erotic fiction like that from Noire melds so-called “street lit,” which usually features black American characters living in big cities and facing gritty drama, often involving crime, with erotic experiences.

“It reflects readers’ reality,” Guy explained. “The very real environment feels authentic yet there is still the fantasy of the sex … Noire was about the first person to define this; she tapped into something at that moment.”

The popular author may have a huge following, but due to the topic she writes about, she keeps the personal details about her life private. She won't reveal her real name and while she has a career outside of writing books, she won't say what it is.

“I am the type of writer whose books are pretty tough,” said Noire. “My situations are not necessarily filled with drugs and violence, but they are filled with what can happen to you when you are wayward and living on the streets. They are cautionary tales, but the sex is off the hook!”

Her first book, "G-Spot" was an almost instant hit as was her follow-up, "Candy Licker."

“If there was ever any doubt that pulp was alive and thriving, Noire’s highly sexy, highly vivid 'G-Spot' dispelled it,” stated the “Publisher’s Weekly” review. Noire, it said, “… delivers everything that lovers of this emerging micro genre — black urban erotic chick lit — are coming to expect: cribs full of music, sex, drugs and criminality; many dollars flying by; and an honest, often abused girl just trying to make it through.”

Zane, another urban erotic writer whose books appear on her own Strebor imprint, part of Atria/Simon and Schuster, was probably the first to combine urban pulp fiction and explicit sex. She’s been so successful she has turned herself into an industry, including a Cinemax series, an online store (where you can buy bras and body creams), and frequent appearances in Essence magazine.

Growing number of men reading erotica
While the typical reader of erotic literature apears to be a middle class woman under 40, there is a male audience, too, say both writers and publishers.

“I do get fan mail and I see a growing number of male readers,” Noire said. “Lots of men say they borrowed the book from the girlfriend. And I’ve been surprised at the number of gay men.”

As successful as the new erotica has been though, authors agree that readers demand more than a string of sex scenes separated by flimsy plot moments. The readers of mainstream erotic fiction expect the sex to be interwoven and integral to the novel or story “and that’s hard to do,” Gleason said. Other than that requirement, though, readers seem willing, even enthusiastic, to read about all kinds of sexual experimentation.

“We have everything, across the board,” Kensington’s Auerbach said. “Readers think variation is the spice of life ... We have a warning on the back of the Aphrodisia books, a little box, that says ‘This is a really hot book. It is sexually explicit.’ Readers know what they are picking up.”

Brian Alexander is the author of the book now in paperback.