My shoe boxes of travel photographs bring back memories of the pictures that got away.
Mom in Paris in springtime, except the Eiffel Tower is sticking out of her head like a rocket. My friend Russell on the steps of Michelangelo's Laurentian Library in Florence, not that you can tell because of the low-light blur. Australia's Uluru, better known as Ayers Rock, looking really big but really boring.
It's frustrating to spend lots of time (and lots of dollars) on a major trip only to return with lackluster pictures. Yet there are easy ways to improve the odds that at least one shot among your next batch of vacation photos will earn a place in a frame. Here are nine tips to help.
Start shooting before you leave home
That's especially important with a new camera. Reading the manual on the plane is not enough, says Eliot Cohen, a Washington, D.C.-based photographer who teaches digital photography classes.
"At that point it's way too late. Practice with it before you take important pictures," Cohen says. Shooting at home without the pressures of being on the move during a trip will help you become familiar with the camera.
Besides, it won't take that much effort. "You don't need all the functions on the camera," Cohen says, "only about 10 percent of them. Knowing the things that are important to you is enough."
When photographing a landscape, make the foreground interesting
"A rock, tree or statue can work," says Scott Stuckey, author of National Geographic's "Ultimate Field Guide to Travel Photography" and managing editor of its Traveler magazine. "Even better is a shot of a person doing something that relates to the landscape — a fisherman tending his nets, a cowboy on horseback, even a tourist taking a picture."
Sunsets aren't all that interesting, Stuckey says. "Turn around and photograph the landscape where the setting sunlight is falling, with the sun at your back. That's where the interest lies."
Go beyond the posed picture
"Vacations pictures are about remembering moments, not just places," says Susan Walsh, an Associated Press photographer in Washington. "Sometimes a posed picture doesn't tell the whole story,"
Shots of your companions in action will capture the fun of a trip. "They remind you what you were doing," Walsh says, "whether it's how hard it was to climb up that mountain or splashing in the pool or paddling a canoe."
Don't forget to include the locals, Stuckey advises. "They reveal the character of a destination more than any other photographic subject," he says. "Shoot them while they're interacting with a member of your party."
Get as close as you can to your subject
Let safety and other considerations be your guide, of course, but try to move in and "fill your frame," says Charles Dharapak, an AP staff photographer in Washington. "If you can get closer, I'd say the results will be sharper."
Avoid using the camera's zoom in low-light situations. The zoom lens usually engages a slower shutter speed to collect more light, which increases the chance of blur from movement. "If you're outdoors, say, at the Grand Canyon, it's not much of an issue because it's bright," Dharapak says. "But if you're in an indoor setting, like a museum or a cafe, it won't be that great."
Plan your outdoor photos for the first and last hour of sunlight
Midday sun tends to make pictures flat and shapeless. The day's "golden hours" give objects more shape and definition.
Regardless of the time of day, Cohen recommends using light from the sides of the frame. "For people, look for softer light, more diffuse, even in shade, for more revealing detail," he says.
For shooting buildings, Stuckey suggests balancing sky light, street lights and lights from within. "At that point, the building is glowing, looking its best," he says. "Add life to your city shots by putting interesting human activity — children playing, a mime performing, a vendor selling balloons — in the foreground, with the famous building only in the background."
Know when to turn the flash off and when to turn it on
It's not always obvious. For example, faces and other objects in shadows cast by a bright sun may need that extra light.
"Many people figure if they're outside they don't need the flash," says Baltimore photographer Walter Rowe, editor of the Travel Photographers Network website. "Flash can help lighten up those areas so they don't appear so dark."
At night, not using the flash in favor of natural light might be the best way to capture an image. But for a longer exposure, the camera will need to be steady to avoid blur caused by movement.
Use the camera's timer to avoid the downward movement that comes with pressing the shutter button, advises Rowe. Steady yourself against a wall or another stationary object. Try placing the camera on a flat surface, even a drinking glass turned upside down.
Check the edges of the frame as you compose a shot
Train yourself to look for objects you don't want in the picture. At the beach it might be a trash can; in the city it might be an orange construction barrier. Then reframe accordingly.
"Most people tend to shoot from wherever they're standing and not think about eliminating unwanted information from the edge of the picture," Cohen says. "You have to learn to really see all the details as well as the piece you're interested in."
When using a digital camera, review all the elements once again after taking the picture. If a post or a tree is sticking out of someone's head, reshoot. "Maybe you can move yourself a little bit," Rowe says, "or move the person a little bit."
Buy the largest memory card you can afford
And bring extra batteries or the battery charger and an adapter, if needed. "Don't be afraid to take a lot of pictures," Dharapak says. Walsh adds, "You've already paid for those megapixels, so use them."
On a long trip, look for a photo store that can download your pictures to a disk you can pack or even mail back home. You risk losing all your photos if you drop your camera in a river or if it's misplaced or stolen.
More is good
Digital cameras don't make you a better photographer, but they do allow for more chances to get it right.
Like my picture of a sailboat catching wind in Sydney Harbour. Taking a dozen shots from the side of a ferry, I managed to freeze the boat at just the right angle in the water and with the sun outlining the clouds.
A frame, not a shoe box, for that one.
Douglass K. Daniel is a writer and editor with the Washington bureau of The Associated Press.