The death toll from massive floods in northwestern Pakistan rose to 1,100 Sunday as rescue workers struggled to save more than 27,000 people still trapped by the raging water.
The rescue effort was aided by a slackening of the monsoon rains that have caused the worst flooding in decades in Khyber-Pakhtoonkhwa province. But as flood waters started to recede, authorities began to understand the full scale of the disaster.
"Aerial monitoring is being conducted, and it has shown that whole villages have washed away, animals have drowned and grain storages have washed away," said Latifur Rehman, spokesman for the Provincial Disaster Management Authority. "The destruction is massive."
The flooding, which the U.N. estimates has affected 1 million people nationwide, comes at a time when the Pakistani government is already grappling with a faltering economy and a war against the Taliban.
The United States announced Sunday that it would provide Pakistan with $10 million in humanitarian assistance, a high-profile gesture at a time when the Obama administration is trying to dampen anti-American sentiment in the country.
The 1,100 death toll from the flooding could go even higher since rescue workers have been unable to access certain areas, said Adnan Khan, a disaster management official.
Almost 700 people have drowned in the Peshawar valley, which includes the districts of Nowshera and Charsadda, and 115 others are still missing, Khan said.
Swat area hit hard
The districts of Swat and Shangla have also been hit hard and have suffered more than 400 deaths, said Mujahid Khan, the head of rescue services for the Edhi Foundation, a private charity.
Residents of Swat were still trying to recover from a major battle between the army and the Taliban last spring that caused widespread destruction and drove some 2 million people from their homes. About 1 million of those were still displaced.
In Swat alone, the floods have destroyed more than 14,600 houses and 22 schools, said Khan.
Authorities have deployed 43 military helicopters and more than 100 boats to try to rescue some 27,300 people still trapped by the floods, said Rehman, the disaster management spokesman.
"All efforts are being used to rescue people stuck in inaccessible areas and all possible help is being provided to affected people," said Rehman.
But some residents stepped up their criticism Sunday of the government's response.
"The flood has devastated us all, and I don't know where my family has gone," said Hakimullah Khan, a resident of Charsadda town who complained the government has not helped him search for his missing wife and three children.
"Water is all around and there is no help in sight," said Khan.
The military deployed 30,000 army troops who helped rescue more than 20,700 people, said Khan, the disaster management official.
However, some people like Sehar Ali Shah who were rescued complained that authorities didn't provide shelter that would allow them to stay until the floodwaters receded.
"My son drowned, but I don't see the government taking care of us," said Shah after returning to his half-submerged house in the city of Nowshera. "The government has not managed an alternate place to shift us."
The flooding has also affected the central Pakistani province of Punjab, where troops rescued more than 1,400 people trapped by rising water, said Brig. Ahmad Waqas.
"We have lost everything: our houses, our crops, cattle," said Ahmad Hasan at a government relief camp in Taunsa Sharif district.
The threat of disease loomed as well as some evacuees in the northwest arrived in camps with fever, diarrhea and skin problems.
"There is now a real danger of the spread of waterborne diseases like diarrhea, asthma, skin allergies and perhaps cholera in these areas," said Shaharyar Bangash, the head of operations in Khyber-Pakhtoonkhwa for World Vision, an international humanitarian group.
A variety of nations and aid organizations have begun to mobilize a response to the disaster.
The U.S. delivered thousands of food packages, four rescue boats and two water-filtration units to the northwest, said Rehman.
"This is much-needed stuff in the flood-affected areas and we need more of it from the international community," said Rehman.
The U.S. Embassy in Islamabad also announced it will provide 12 prefabricated steel bridges to temporarily replace those damaged by the water.
But some residents wondered how they would ever recover from such a disaster.
"I won't be able to cover my losses for 10 years," said Shair Dad, a timber shop owner in Nowshera who lost most of his wood in the floodwaters.
Flooding hits Afghanistan
In eastern Afghanistan, floods destroyed about 800 homes and hundreds of acres of farm land, damaged hydropower dams and partially destroyed more than 500 other houses. Most of the flooding was in eight provinces, including Kabul.
Rescuers were using army helicopters, heavy trucks and boats to try to reach flood-hit areas. Thousands of homes and roads were destroyed, and at least 45 bridges across the northwest were damaged, the U.N. said.
The NATO-led International Security Assistance Force said in a statement that it worked with Afghanistan's fledgling air force to rescue more the 2,000 Afghans from flooding in Nangahar and Kunar provinces — in some cases flying into insurgent areas to save people.
"The crews were called out for rescues in Kunar, five miles south of Asadabad. This is a region of conflict, with a history of surface-to-air fire, which is particularly dangerous to helicopter operations," said Lt. Col. Paul Birch, a spokesman for the Combined Air Power Transition Force.
The mostly Afghan crew, led by Kabul Air Wing Commander Brig. Gen. Mohammad Barat, used just two Afghan Air Force Mi-17 helicopters for over 30 hours, through bad weather, stopping only for fuel, ISAF said.
"During the course of the rescue operations, coalition crews displayed many acts of heroism that were awe-inspiring," Birch said.
Lt. Col. Bernard "Jeep" Willi, a CAPTF advisor pilot, held one wheel on the side of a bridge while hovering to allow stranded Afghans to board. Another pilot performed a rescue with his Mi17 submerged to the fuselage, Birch said.