Grandma and Grandpa would love a little robotic help around the house, a new study has found.
In a survey, a team of psychologists and engineers found that adults over age 65 felt generally positive toward the idea of having a robot help them with chores, although they preferred humans help for tasks such as getting dressed or eating. The study was designed to help robot-makers design appealing bots for seniors in the future, especially older people who want help so they are able to live in their own homes instead of moving to an assisted living facility or a relative's house.
"There are many misconceptions about older adults having negative attitudes toward robots," Cory-Ann Smarr, a doctoral student in psychology who worked on the survey, said in a statement. "The people we interviewed were very enthusiastic and optimistic about robots in their daily lives."
Smarr and her colleagues at the Georgia Institute of Technology showed 21 people aged 65 to 93 a video about a home robot, the PR2, made by California-based robotics developer Willow Garage. Researchers then asked the study participants the tasks for which they would want robotic assistance.
The participants said they were willing to use a robot for chores such as cleaning the kitchen, doing laundry and taking out the trash. They preferred a person to help them with personal tasks, however, such as getting dressed, eating and bathing. They also were willing to have a robot remind them about taking medications, but wanted a person, rather than a robot, to help them decide which medications to take.
"It seems that older people are less likely to trust a robot with decision-making tasks than with monitoring or physical assistance," said Wendy Rogers, a Georgia Tech psychologist who led the study.
The seniors Rogers, Smarr and their colleagues interviewed were generally healthy and many said they didn't need help to live independently. A good next step would be a survey of people who already need home help, the researchers wrote in a paper.
The researchers presented their paper yesterday (Oct. 24) during a conference hosted by the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.