Separatist shootings, bombings intensify in India

Shopkeepers stand beside a damaged market after a blast in Dekiajuli
Shopkeepers stand beside a damaged market after a blast in Dhekiagula, about 100 miles north of Gauhati, the Assam state capital, on Sunday. A fresh wave of bombs ripped through streets and marketplaces in several cities in Assam and neighboring Nagaland on Sunday.Reuters
/ Source: The Associated Press

Militants bombed utilities, a tea plantation and a crowded marketplace in northeastern India, intensifying violence that has killed 63 people in more than two days and snarling efforts to bring cease-fires in a region where dozens of ethnic rebel groups are fighting for separate homelands.

At least 18 bombings and shootings were carried out over the weekend in Nagaland and Assam states. The attacks — particularly an explosion Saturday that ripped through a railway station full of commuters — angered even some separatist leaders.

Nearly 40 groups have been fighting in the mountainous region of multiple ethnicities wedged between Bangladesh, Bhutan and Myanmar. Rebels in Nagaland have been leading one of Asia’s longest running separatist conflicts, dating to shortly before India gained independence from Britain in 1947.

Assam’s top police official blamed the string of attacks on two militant groups — the United Liberation Front of Asom and the National Democratic Front of Boroland.

“The entire string of attacks was a joint operation by the ULFA and the NDFB,” Inspector-General Khagen Sarma told The Associated Press. Sunday was the 18th anniversary of the NDFB, which is demanding a homeland for Boroland, a region that straddles both states.

Cease-fire offered
"On Friday, the government offered a cease-fire to the Boroland rebels, part of their efforts to tame the various groups.

A young victim of a bomb blast is treated in hospital in Dimapur, October 3, 2004. A series of bomb blasts killed at least 45 people in the northeastern Indian state of Nagaland on Saturday in the deadliest attack since a cease fire with the main Naga separatist group began seven years ago. REUTERS/Yanger ThakkarYanger Thakkar / X01242

Insurgent groups in India’s northeast are pushing demands ranging from independent homelands to autonomy within the nation. The rebels say they are seeking to protect their ethnic identities, and allege that the federal government has exploited the resources in the mineral- and oil-rich region.

The Indian government denies the allegation, and has already signed peace agreements with several groups. In return, the former militants have been given jobs and limited administrative control within the Indian nation.

Some 15,000 people have been killed since Naga rebels began fighting nearly six decades ago. The rebels want special status for Nagaland state, where some 2 million Nagas — most Christians — live in predominantly Hindu India.

But one Naga separatist group engaged in talks with the government denounced the attacks.

“We have set up a special investigating team and have got vital clues as to the identity of those behind the attack on innocent civilians,” Kraibo Chawang, of the separatist National Socialist Council of Nagaland, told the AP.

He said the assaults were “aimed at derailing and sabotaging our peace talks with the Indian government.”

Nagaland’s death toll stood at 28 on Monday, while Assam’s rose to 35. No arrests had been made in the two states, police said. No immediate claim of responsibility was made.

Villagers awakened, shot
Early Monday, suspected separatist rebels woke up sleeping villagers in Assam state and killed six of them and wounded seven others, raising the death toll to 63, police said.

A group of heavily armed militants descended on Gelapukhuri, a village 130 miles north of Assam’s capital of Gauhati and called out the sleeping residents, said said police officer P. Baruah.

The rebels then shot at them with automatic weapons, killing four instantly, Baruah said. Nine wounded were rushed to a local hospital, where two succumbed to their injuries, he said. Baruah blamed the National Democratic Front of Boroland for the attack.

Late Sunday, a bomb exploded near a market in Bijni, 125 miles west of Assam state’s capital of Gauhati, leaving three dead. Shortly afterward, another explosion killed another man and left 25 injured in nearby Gauripur along India’s border with Bangladesh.

Guerrillas set off a bomb at a tea plantation in nearby Borhat, killing a worker and wounding two others.

Pipeline targeted
Also in Borhat, suspected rebels targeted government-run Oil India Ltd.’s natural gas pipeline with a land mine blast. The extent of damage was not immediately known.

Two suspected Boroland rebels were killed when explosives they were carrying detonated in Assam’s Sonitpur district, Press Trust of India reported.

A bomb also went off in a market in Dhekiagula, a village 105 miles north of Gauhati, wounding 15 people.

Another bomb wounded a shop owner at Dabosal in western Assam, said A.K. Bhutani, the district magistrate. And in the nearby town of Chitra, suspected militants blew up an electrical transmission tower, snapping power supply to the area, Bhutani said.

Federal Home Minister Shivraj Patil visited Assam and Nagaland on Sunday to assess the violence.

He inspected the bombed-out railroad station at Dimapur town in Nagaland where the first attack took place Saturday morning, ripping off the sloping metal ceiling and knocking into a crater in the concrete, Railway Police officer Philip Yanthan told the AP.

Rescuers workers cleared the debris through the day. Severed limbs lay scattered on the floor, along with torn clothes, shoes and belongings of passengers.

“People are in shock at the manner in which innocent people waiting to catch trains have been killed. This has never happened in Nagaland’s long history of insurgency,” said G. Gaingam, a Naga tribal leader and peace activist from Dimapur.