Today in history: January 7

/ Source: The Associated Press

Today is Friday, Jan. 7, the seventh day of 2005. There are 358 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in history:
On Jan. 7, 1789, the first U.S. presidential election was held. Americans voted for electors who, a month later, chose George Washington to be the nation’s first president.

On this date:
In 1610, the astronomer Galileo Galilei sighted four of Jupiter’s moons.

In 1800, the 13th president of the United States, Millard Fillmore, was born in Summerhill, N.Y.

In 1927, commercial transatlantic telephone service was inaugurated between New York and London.

In 1942, the World War II siege of Bataan began.

In 1953, President Truman announced in his State of the Union address that the United States had developed a hydrogen bomb.

In 1955, singer Marian Anderson made her debut with the Metropolitan Opera in New York, in Verdi’s “Un Ballo in Maschera.”

In 1955, the opening of the Canadian Parliament in Ottawa was televised for the first time.

In 1972, Lewis F. Powell Jr. and William H. Rehnquist were sworn in as the 99th and 100th members of the U.S. Supreme Court.

In 1989, Emperor Hirohito of Japan died in Tokyo at age 87; he was succeeded by his son, Crown Prince Akihito.

In 1999, for the second time in history, an impeached American president went on trial before the Senate. President Clinton faced charges of perjury and obstruction of justice; he was acquitted.

Ten years ago: Maj. Gen. Viktor Vorobyov, a senior commander leading Russian troops in their advance on the secessionist capital of Chechnya, was killed by a mortar shell.

Five years ago: U.S. Representative Dan Burton, R-Ind., subpoenaed Elian Gonzalez to testify before Congress in a bid to keep Elian in the United States for at least another month while courts decided whether the 6-year-old should be returned to Cuba. (Elian never actually testified.)

One year ago: President Bush proposed legal status — at least temporarily — for millions of illegal immigrants working in the U.S. Swedish actress Ingrid Thulin died in Stockholm at age 77.

Today’s birthdays: Author William Peter Blatty is 77. Country singer Jack Greene is 75. Pop musician Paul Revere is 67. Magazine publisher Jann Wenner is 59. Singer Kenny Loggins is 57. Singer-songwriter Marshall Chapman is 56. Actress Erin Gray is 55. Actor Sammo Hung is 53. Actor David Caruso (“CSI: Miami”) is 49. “Today” show co-host Katie Couric is 48. Country singer David Lee Murphy is 46. Rock musician Kathy Valentine (The Go-Go’s) is 46. Actor David Marciano is 45. Actress Hallie Todd is 43. Actor Nicolas Cage is 41. Actor Doug E. Doug is 35. Actor Kevin Rahm (“Judging Amy”) is 34. Country singer-musician John Rich is 31. Actor Dustin Diamond is 28. Actor Liam Aiken is 15. Actress Camryn Grimes is 15. Actor Max Morrow is 14.

Thought for today: “I do not believe that sheer suffering teaches. If suffering alone taught, all the world would be wise. To suffering must be added mourning, understanding, patience, love, openness and the willingness to remain vulnerable.” — Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author.