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Today in history: January 14

Find out what happened ten years ago, which celebrity is celebrating a birthday, plus more
/ Source: The Associated Press

Today is Friday, Jan. 14, the 14th day of 2005. There are 351 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in history:
On Jan. 14, 1784, the United States ratified a peace treaty with England, ending the Revolutionary War.

On this date:
In 1639, the first constitution of Connecticut — the “Fundamental Orders” — was adopted.

In 1858, French emperor Napoleon III escaped an attempt on his life.

In 1900, Puccini’s opera “Tosca” received a mixed reception at its world premiere in Rome.

In 1914, Ford Motor Company greatly improved its assembly-line operation by employing a chain to pull each chassis along.

In 1943, President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill opened a wartime conference in Casablanca.

In 1952, NBC’s “Today” show premiered, with Dave Garroway as the host, or “communicator,” as he was officially known.

In 1953, Josip Broz Tito was elected president of Yugoslavia by the country’s Parliament.

In 1963, George C. Wallace was sworn in as governor of Alabama with a pledge of “segregation forever.”

In 1969, 25 crew members of the U.S. aircraft carrier Enterprise were killed in an explosion that ripped through the ship off Hawaii.

In 1970, Diana Ross and the Supremes performed their last concert together, at the Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas.

Ten years ago: Russian troops in the breakaway republic of Chechnya captured the Council of Ministers building, a key rebel position in the capital Grozny. Pope John Paul II addressed a huge rally in Manila, urging young people to reject cynicism.

Five years ago: In a massive demonstration demanding the return of Elian Gonzalez, tens of thousands of Cuban women marched to the U.S. mission in Havana. A U.N. tribunal sentenced five Bosnian Croat militiamen to up to 25 years in prison for a 1993 murder rampage that emptied a Bosnian village of every one of its Muslim inhabitants.

One year ago: Former Enron finance chief Andrew Fastow pleaded guilty to conspiracy as he accepted a 10-year prison sentence. J.P. Morgan Chase and Company struck a deal to buy Bank One Corporation for $58 billion. A female Palestinian suicide bomber killed three Israeli soldiers and a private security guard at a Gaza crossing. U.N. officials announced that Libya had ratified the nuclear test ban treaty. President Bush unveiled a plan to send astronauts to the moon, Mars and beyond. Death claimed actress Uta Hagen in New York at age 84 and actor Ron O’Neal in Los Angeles at age 66.

Today’s birthdays: CBS commentator Andy Rooney is 86. Former CBS newsman George Herman is 85. Country singer Billy Walker is 76. Blues singer Clarence Carter is 69. Country singer Billie Jo Spears is 68. Singer Jack Jones is 67. Singer-songwriter Allen Toussaint is 67. NAACP Chairman Julian Bond is 65. Actress Faye Dunaway is 64. Actress Holland Taylor is 62. Actor Carl Weathers is 57. Singer-producer T-Bone Burnett is 57. Movie writer-director Lawrence Kasdan is 56. Rock singer Geoff Tate (Queensryche) is 46. Movie writer-director Steven Soderbergh is 42. Actor Mark Addy is 41. Rapper Slick Rick is 40. Actor Dan Schneider is 39. Actress Emily Watson is 38. Actor-comedian Tom Rhodes is 38. Rapper-actor LL Cool J is 37. Actor Jason Bateman is 36. Rock singer-musician Dave Grohl (Foo Fighters) is 36. Actress Jordan Ladd is 30.

Thought for today: “Too clever is dumb.” — Ogden Nash, American author-humorist (1902-1971).