Today in history: March 1

/ Source: The Associated Press

Today is Tuesday, March 1, the 60th day of 2005. There are 305 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in history:
On March 1, 1945, President Roosevelt, back from the Yalta Conference, proclaimed the meeting a success as he addressed a joint session of Congress.

On this date:
In 1781, the Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation.

In 1790, Congress authorized the first U.S. Census.

In 1864, Rebecca Lee became the first black woman to receive an American medical degree, from the New England Female Medical College in Boston.

In 1867, Nebraska became the 37th state.

In 1872, Congress authorized creation of Yellowstone National Park.

In 1904, bandleader Glenn Miller was born in Clarinda, Iowa.

In 1932, 20-month-old Charles A. Lindbergh Jr., the son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh, was kidnapped from the family home near Hopewell, N.J. (Remains identified as those of the child were found the following May.)

In 1954, Puerto Rican nationalists opened fire from the gallery of the U.S. House of Representatives, wounding five congressmen.

In 1961, President Kennedy established the Peace Corps.

In 1981, Irish Republican Army member Bobby Sands began a hunger strike at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland; he died 65 days later.

Ten years ago: Somalia militiamen loyal to warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid seized control of the Mogadishu airport after peacekeepers withdrew. At the 37th annual Grammy Awards in Los Angeles, Sheryl Crow won record of the year for “All I Wanna Do” while Tony Bennett’s “MTV Unplugged” was named best album.

Five years ago: Candidates in both major parties turned their focus to Super Tuesday, a day after Texas Gov. George W. Bush won primaries in Virginia, North Dakota and Washington state, while Vice President Al Gore won in Washington state. A gunman in Wilkinsburg, Pa., fatally shot three men and wounded two others; the shooter, Ronald Taylor, was later convicted and sentenced to death. Classes were canceled at Buell Elementary School in Mount Morris Township, Mich., a day after 6-year-old Kayla Rolland was fatally shot by a fellow first-grader.

One year ago: Rebels rolled into Haiti’s capital, Port-au-Prince, where they were met by thousands of residents cheering the ouster of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide the day before, on Leap Day. Iraqi officials approved an interim constitution. The California Supreme Court ruled a Roman Catholic charity had to offer birth-control coverage to its employees.

Today’s birthdays: Actor Robert Clary is 79. Singer Harry Belafonte is 78. Former U.S. Solicitor General Robert H. Bork is 78. Actor Robert Conrad is 70. Rock singer Mike D’Abo (Manfred Mann) is 61. Former Sen. John Breaux, D-La., is 61. Rock singer Roger Daltrey is 61. Actor Dirk Benedict is 60. Actor Alan Thicke is 58. Actor-director Ron Howard is 51. Actress Catherine Bach is 51. Country singer Janis Gill (AKA Janis Oliver Cummins) (Sweethearts of the Rodeo) is 51. Actor Tim Daly is 49. Singer-musician Jon Carroll is 48. Rock musician Bill Leen is 43. Actor Russell Wong is 42. Actor John David Cullum is 39. Actor George Eads is 38. Actor Javier Bardem is 36. Actor Mark-Paul Gosselaar is 31. Actor Jensen Ackles is 27. TV host Donovan Patton is 27. Rock musician Sean Woolstenhulme (Lifehouse) is 24. R&B singer Sammie is 18.

Thought for today: “Words are, of course, the most powerful drug used by mankind.” — Rudyard Kipling, English author (1865-1936).