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Today in history: March 7

/ Source: The Associated Press

Today is Monday, March 7, the 66th day of 2005. There are 299 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in history:
Forty years ago, on March 7, 1965, a march by civil rights demonstrators was broken up in Selma, Ala., by state troopers and a sheriff’s posse.

On this date:
In 1849, horticulturist Luther Burbank was born in Lancaster, Mass.

In 1850, in a three-hour speech to the U.S. Senate, Daniel Webster endorsed the Compromise of 1850 as a means of preserving the Union.

In 1875, composer Maurice Ravel was born in Cibourne, France.

In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell received a patent for his telephone.

In 1911, the United States sent 20,000 troops to the Mexican border as a precaution in the wake of the Mexican Revolution.

In 1926, the first successful trans-Atlantic radio-telephone conversation took place, between New York and London.

In 1936, Adolf Hitler ordered his troops to march into the Rhineland, thereby breaking the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Pact.

In 1945, during World War II, U.S. forces crossed the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany, using the damaged Ludendorff Bridge.

In 1975, the Senate revised its filibuster rule, allowing 60 senators to limit debate in most cases, instead of the previously required two-thirds of senators present.

In 1981, anti-government guerrillas in Colombia executed kidnapped American Bible translator Chester Allen Bitterman, whom they accused of being a CIA agent.

Ten years ago: New York Gov. George Pataki signed a death penalty bill into law. In a near-party-line vote, the House passed, 232-193, a business-backed measure designed to pressure parties in lawsuits to settle their differences short of costly trials.

Five years ago: Texas Gov. George W. Bush and Vice President Al Gore were the big winners in Super Tuesday primaries. The Nasdaq composite crossed the 5,000 mark for the first time before retreating. Country singer Frank “Pee Wee” King died in Louisville, Ky., at age 86.

One year ago: Fourteen Palestinians were killed in the deadliest Israeli raid in Gaza in 17 months. An investiture ceremony was held in Concord, N.H., for V. Gene Robinson, the Episcopal Church’s first openly gay bishop. Actor Paul Winfield died at age 62.

Today’s birthdays: Photographer Lord Snowdon is 75. TV personality Willard Scott is 71. Auto racer Janet Guthrie is 67. Actor Daniel J. Travanti is 65. Walt Disney Company chief executive officer Michael Eisner is 63. Rock musician Chris White (The Zombies) is 62. Actor John Heard is 59. Rock singer Peter Wolf is 59. Rock musician Matthew Fisher (Procol Harum) is 59. Singer Peggy March is 57. Football Hall-of-Famer Franco Harris is 55. Football Hall-of-Famer Lynn Swann is 53. R&B singer-musician Ernie Isley (The Isley Brothers) is 53. Actor Bryan Cranston is 49. Actress Donna Murphy is 46. Tennis Hall-of-Famer Ivan Lendl is 45. Actor Bill Brochtrup is 42. Opera singer Denyce Graves is 41. Comedian Wanda Sykes is 41. Singer-actress Taylor Dayne is 40. Rock musician Randy Guss (Toad the Wet Sprocket) is 38. Actor Peter Sarsgaard is 34. Actress Rachel Weisz is 34. Rock singer Hugo Ferreira (Tantric) is 31. Actress Laura Prepon is 25.

Thought for today: “The most dangerous creation of any society is that man who has nothing to lose.” — James Baldwin, American author (1924-1987).