Wholesale prices rose by a hefty 0.6 percent in April while industrial production dropped, the government said Tuesday in a pair of reports that offered a mixed picture of the country’s economic health.
Inflation, on the one hand, is moving ahead, with wholesale prices lifted by more expensive energy, cars and cigarettes. But industrial activity — production at the nation’s factories, mines and utilities — is faltering.
The increase in the Labor Department’s producer price index, which measures the costs of goods before they reach store shelves, came on top of a sizable 0.7 percent rise in March.
The latest price figures bolstered economists’ belief that Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan and his colleagues will continue to push up short-term interest rates for much of this year to combat inflation.
Excluding energy and food prices, which can swing widely from month to month, “core” wholesale prices increased by 0.3 percent in April. That was up from a tiny 0.1 percent advance in March and represented the largest increase since a 0.7 percent spike in January.
Industrial production falls, housing starts surge
The Federal Reserve, in another report, said that industrial production at the nation’s factories, mines and utilities declined by 0.2 percent in April, after nudging up by just 0.1 percent in March. April’s showing was the weakest since January.
Production at factories and mines were flat in April, while output at utilities dropped by 2.3 percent.
In other economic news, the Commerce Department reported that housing construction jumped by 11 percent in April, compared with a 17.6 percent drop reported in March. The advance in April increased the total number of housing units builders broke ground on to 2.038 million, on an annualized basis. That exceeded analysts’ expectations.
On Wall Street, stocks dipped. The Dow Jones industrials lost 9 points and the Nasdaq was off 4 points in morning trading.
The latest snapshot of inflation also surprised economists. Before the report was released, they were forecasting a 0.4 percent rise in overall wholesale prices and a 0.2 percent increase in “core” inflation.
Wanting to make sure inflation doesn’t become a problem, the Federal Reserve has boosted short-term interest rates eight times — each in modest, quarter-point moves — since last June, when the Fed’s campaign to tighten credit began.
At the Fed’s most recent rate increase, on May 3, policy-makers said “pressures on inflation have picked up in recent months and pricing power is more evident,” meaning companies are finding it somewhat easier to raise prices to customers.
In April, price increases were fairly broadbased, covering a variety of categories. Rising energy costs, however, once again led the way.
Energy prices in April rose by 2.1 percent, following an even bigger 3.3 percent rise in March.
Residential natural gas prices jumped by 6.6 percent in April, the biggest increase since March 2003. Also in April, gasoline prices went up 2.6 percent from the previous month and costs for liquefied petroleum gas, such as propane, rose by 2 percent. Prices for residential electric power and home-heating oil, however, declined in April.
Oil prices soared into record territory in March and hit a new peak of $57.27 a barrel at the beginning of April. Prices have since retreated and hover above $48 a barrel.
At the pump, the average price nationwide of regular gasoline was $2.16 a gallon last week, according to figures tracked by the Energy Department.
Elsewhere in the report: cigarette prices went up 1.2 percent in April, the largest increase since January. Passenger car prices rose 0.5 percent and prices for light motor trucks climbed 0.6 percent in April.
Food prices nudged up 0.1 percent in April, down from a 0.3 percent advance in March. Falling prices for dairy products and soft drinks helped to blunt rising prices for roasted coffee, fresh fruits and meat.