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Today in history: August 14

Celebrity birthdays, highlights in history, plus more facts about this day
/ Source: The Associated Press

Today is Sunday, Aug. 14, the 226th day of 2005. There are 139 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:
On Aug. 14, 1945, President Truman announced that Japan had surrendered unconditionally, ending WWII.

On this date:
In 1848, the Oregon Territory was established.

In 1917, China declared war on Germany and Austria during World War I.

In 1935, the Social Security Act became law.

In 1947, Pakistan became independent of British rule.

In 1951, newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst died in Beverly Hills, Calif.

In 1969, British troops arrived in Northern Ireland to intervene in sectarian violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics.

In 1973, the U.S. bombing of Cambodia came to a halt.

In 1980, workers went on strike at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk, Poland, in a job action that resulted in the creation of the Solidarity labor movement.

In 1980, President Carter and Vice President Walter Mondale were nominated for a second term at the Democratic national convention in New York.

In 2003, a huge blackout hit the northeastern United States and part of Canada; 50 million people lost power.

Ten years ago: Shannon Faulkner officially became the first female cadet in the history of The Citadel, South Carolina's state military college. (However, Faulkner quit the school less than a week later, citing the stress of her court fight, and her isolation among the male cadets.)

Five years ago: On the opening night of the Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles, President Clinton offered a triumphant review of his years in office, and exhorted delegates to propel Al Gore on the road to succeed him.

One year ago: A visibly weak Pope John Paul II joined thousands of other ailing pilgrims at a cliffside shrine in Lourdes, France, telling them he shares in their physical suffering and assuring them the burden is part of God's "wondrous plan." Nobel Prize-winning poet Czeslaw Milosz died in Krakow, Poland, at age 93. Fifteen-term congressman William D. Ford died in Ypsilanti Township, Michigan at age 77.

Today's Birthdays: Pulitzer Prize-winning author Russell Baker is 80. Singer Buddy Greco is 79. Actress Alice Ghostley is 79. Singer Dash Crofts is 65. Rock singer David Crosby is 64. Country singer Connie Smith is 64. Former jockey Robyn Smith Astaire is 61. Comedian-actor Steve Martin is 60. Actress Susan Saint James is 59. Singer-musician Larry Graham is 59. Actor Antonio Fargas is 59. Author Danielle Steel is 58. "Far Side" cartoonist Gary Larson is 55. Rock singer-musician Terry Adams (NRBQ) is 55. Film composer James Horner is 52. Actress Jackee Harry is 49. Actress Marcia Gay Harden is 46. Former basketball player Earvin "Magic" Johnson is 46. Singer Sarah Brightman is 44. Actress Susan Olsen is 44. Rock musician Keith Howland (Chicago) is 41. Actress Emmanuelle Beart is 40. Actress Halle Berry is 39. Actress Catherine Bell is 37. Rock musician Kevin Cadogan is 35. Actor Scott Michael Campbell is 34. Actress Lalanya Masters is 33. Actress Mila Kunis is 22.

Thought for Today: "The old forget. The young don't know." — Japanese proverb