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Today in history: August 15

Celebrity birthdays, highlights in history, plus more facts about this day
/ Source: The Associated Press

Today is Monday, Aug. 15, the 227th day of 2005. There are 138 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:
Aug. 15, 1945, was proclaimed "V-J Day" by the Allies, a day after Japan agreed to surrender unconditionally.

On this date:
In 1769, Napoleon Bonaparte was born on the island of Corsica.

In 1914, the Panama Canal opened to traffic.

In 1935, humorist Will Rogers and aviator Wiley Post were killed when their airplane crashed near Point Barrow, Alaska.

In 1944, during World War II, Allied forces landed in southern France.

In 1947, India became independent after some 200 years of British rule.

In 1948, the Republic of Korea was proclaimed.

In 1969, the Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened in upstate New York.

In 1971, President Nixon announced a 90-day freeze on wages, prices and rents.

In 1994, Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, the terrorist better known as "Carlos the Jackal," was jailed in France after being captured in Sudan.

In 1998, 29 people were killed by a car bomb in Omagh, Northern Ireland; a splinter group calling itself the Real IRA claimed responsibility.

Ten years ago: The Justice Department agreed to pay $3.1 million to white separatist Randy Weaver and his family to settle their claims over the killing of Weaver's wife and son during a 1992 siege by federal agents at Ruby Ridge, Idaho. Pioneering TV journalist and Timex watch pitchman John Cameron Swayze died in Sarasota, Fla., at age 89.

Five years ago: Democrats stirred memories of President John F. Kennedy at their national convention in Los Angeles, with his daughter Caroline beckoning delegates to turn the New Frontier into a "timeless call" that would send Al Gore to the White House. British Airways joined Air France in grounding its Concorde supersonic jets in the wake of the July 25 crash near Paris that claimed 113 lives. A group of 100 separated family members from North Korea arrived in South Korea for temporary reunions with relatives they had not seen for half a century; a group of 100 South Koreans visited the North.

One year ago: Residents left homeless by Hurricane Charley dug through their ravaged homes, rescuing what they could as President Bush promised rapid delivery of disaster aid. In Athens, the U.S. men's basketball team lost 92-73 to Puerto Rico, only the third Olympic defeat ever for the Americans and first since adding pros. Vijay Singh won the PGA Championship in Haven, Wis.

Today's Birthdays: Actress Rose Marie is 82. Political activist Phyllis Schlafly is 81. Actor Mike Connors is 80. Jazz musician Oscar Peterson is 80. Rhythm-and-blues singer Bill Pinckney (The Drifters) is 80. Actress Lori Nelson is 72. Singer-producer Bobby Byrd is 71. Civil rights activist Vernon Jordan is 70. Actor Jim Dale is 70. Actress Pat Priest is 69. Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer is 67. Musician Pete York (Spencer Davis Group) is 63. Author-journalist Linda Ellerbee is 61. Songwriter Jimmy Webb is 59. Britain's Princess Anne is 55. Actress Tess Harper is 55. Actor Larry Mathews is 50. Actor Zeljko Ivanek is 48. Rock singer-musician Matt Johnson (The The) is 44. Actress Debi Mazar is 41. Country singer Angela Rae (Wild Horses) is 39. Actress Debra Messing is 37. Actor Anthony Anderson is 35. Actor Ben Affleck is 33. Singer Michael Graham (Boyzone) is 33. Actress Natasha Henstridge is 31.

Thought for Today: "To feel that one has a place in life solves half the problem of contentment." — George Edward Woodberry, American poet, critic and educator (1855-1930).