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Today in history: August 26

Celebrity birthdays, highlights in history, plus more facts about this day
/ Source: The Associated Press

Today is Friday, Aug. 26, the 238th day of 2005. There are 127 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On Aug. 26, 1920, the 19th amendment to the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing American women the right to vote, was declared in effect.

On this date:
In 55 B.C., Roman forces under Julius Caesar invaded Britain.

In 1883, the island volcano Krakatoa began erupting with increasingly large explosions.

In 1936, the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty, calling for most British troops to leave Egypt (except those guarding the Suez Canal) was signed in Montreux, Switzerland (it was abrogated by Egypt in 1951).

In 1957, the Soviet Union announced it had successfully tested an intercontinental ballistic missile.

In 1961, the official International Hockey Hall of Fame opened in Toronto.

In 1964, President Lyndon Johnson was nominated for a term of office in his own right at the Democratic national convention in Atlantic City, N.J.

In 1972, the summer Olympics games opened in Munich, West Germany.

In 1974, Charles Lindbergh — the first man to fly solo, non-stop across the Atlantic — died at his home in Hawaii at age 72.

In 1978, Cardinal Albino Luciani of Venice was elected the 264th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church following the death of Paul VI. The new pontiff took the name Pope John Paul I.

In 1985, 13-year-old AIDS patient Ryan White began “attending” classes at Western Middle School in Kokomo, Ind., via a telephone hook-up at his home — school officials had barred Ryan from attending classes in person.

Ten years ago: In his weekly radio address, President Clinton explained his decision to impose a two-year moratorium on mining claims on 4,500 acres of federal land near the northeast corner of Yellowstone National Park, saying the land was “more priceless than gold.”

Five years ago: President Clinton visited Nigeria, where he appealed to the leaders of the oil-rich nation to set aside political acrimony so that their citizens could lift themselves from poverty and isolation. The Houston Comets won their fourth straight WNBA championship by defeating the New York Liberty 79-to-73. Maracaibo, Venezuela, won the Little League World Series title, defeating Bellaire, Texas, 3-2.

One year ago: The nation’s supply of vaccine for the impending flu season took a big hit when Chiron Corp. announced it had found tainted doses in its factory, and would hold up shipment of about 50 million shots. At the Athens Olympics, the U.S. women’s soccer team won the gold medal by beating Brazil, 2-1, in overtime; Shawn Crawford led a U.S. sweep of the 200 meters. Pop singer Laura Branigan died in East Quogue, N.Y., at age 47.

Today’s Birthdays: Former Washington Post Executive Editor Benjamin C. Bradlee is 84. Author Ben J. Wattenberg is 72. Former Democratic vice-presidential nominee Geraldine Ferraro is 70. Singer Vic Dana is 63. Rhythm-and-blues singer Valerie Simpson is 59. Pop singer Bob Cowsill is 56. Actor Brett Cullen is 49. Jazz musician Branford Marsalis is 45. Country musician Jimmy Olander (Diamond Rio) is 44. Actor Chris Burke is 40. Rock musician Dan Vickery (Counting Crowes) is 39. Rock musician Adrian Young (No Doubt) is 36. Actress Melissa McCarthy is 35. Actor Macaulay Culkin is 25. Actress Keke Palmer is 12.

Thought for Today: “Suffering belongs to no language.” — Adelia Prado, Brazilian poet.