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Today in history: September 3

Celebrity birthdays, highlights in history, plus more facts about this day
/ Source: The Associated Press

Today is Saturday, Sept. 3, the 246th day of 2005. There are 119 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On Sept. 3, 1783, the Treaty of Paris between the United States and Great Britain officially ended the Revolutionary War.

On this date:
In 1189, England’s King Richard I (the Lion-Hearted) was crowned in Westminster.

In 1658, Oliver Cromwell, the Lord Protector of England, died.

In 1939, Britain and France declared war on Germany, two days after the Nazi invasion of Poland.

In 1943, the British Eighth Army invaded Italy during World War II, the same day Italy signed a secret armistice with the allies.

In 1967, Nguyen Van Thieu was elected president of South Vietnam under a new constitution.

In 1967, motorists in Sweden began driving on the right-hand side of the road, instead of the left.

In 1976, the unmanned U.S. spacecraft Viking II landed on Mars to take the first close-up, color photographs of the planet’s surface.

In 1978, Pope John Paul I was installed as the 264th pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church.

In 1989, a Cubana de Aviacion jetliner crashed after takeoff in Havana, killing all 126 aboard and 26 people on the ground.

In 1994, China and Russia proclaimed an end to any lingering hostilities, pledging they would no longer target nuclear missiles or use force against each other.

Ten years ago: Testing Serb will, the United Nations reopened a route to Sarajevo and threatened more air attacks if the rebel stranglehold of the Bosnian capital didn’t end.

Five years ago: The presidential candidates squabbled over debate schedules as Republican George W. Bush announced he had accepted three prime-time sessions. Democrat Al Gore rejected the plan, saying the formats proposed by Bush could limit the audience and amount of face-to-face debate time.

One year ago: The three-day hostage siege at a school in Beslan, Russia, ended in bloody chaos after Chechen militants set off bombs as Russian commandos stormed the building; nearly 340 people were killed. Former President Clinton was hospitalized in New York with chest pains and shortness of breath; he ended up undergoing heart bypass surgery.

Today’s Birthdays: Actress Kitty Carlisle Hart is 95. Actress Helen Wagner (“As the World Turns”) is 87. “Beetle Bailey” cartoonist Mort Walker is 82. Country singer Hank Thompson is 80. Actress Anne Jackson is 79. Time magazine contributing editor Hugh Sidey is 78. Country singer Tompall Glaser is 72. Actress Eileen Brennan is 70. Actress Pauline Collins is 65. Rock singer-musician Al Jardine (The Beach Boys) is 63. Actress Valerie Perrine is 62. Rock musician Donald Brewer (Grand Funk Railroad) is 57. Rock guitarist Steve Jones (The Sex Pistols) is 50. Rock singer-musician Todd Lewis is 40. Actor Costas Mandylor is 40. Actor Charlie Sheen is 40. Singer Jennifer Paige is 32. Actor Nick Wechsler is 27.

Thought for Today: “Art and religion first; then philosophy; lastly science. That is the order of the great subjects of life, that’s their order of importance.” — Muriel Spark, Scottish author.