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Today in history: October 28

Celebrity birthdays, highlights in history, plus more facts about this day
/ Source: The Associated Press

Today is Friday, Oct. 28, the 301st day of 2005. There are 64 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On Oct. 28, 1886, the Statue of Liberty, a gift from the people of France, was dedicated in New York Harbor by President Cleveland.

On this date:
In 1636, Harvard College was founded in Massachusetts.

In 1793, Eli Whitney applied for a patent for his cotton gin (the patent was granted the following March).

In 1919, Congress enacted the Volstead Act, which provided for enforcement of Prohibition, over President Wilson’s veto.

In 1922, fascism came to Italy as Benito Mussolini took control of the government.

In 1936, President Roosevelt rededicated the Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary.

In 1940, Italy invaded Greece during World War II.

In 1958, the Roman Catholic patriarch of Venice, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, was elected Pope; he took the name John XXIII.

In 1962, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev informed the United States that he had ordered the dismantling of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.

In 1965, Pope Paul VI issued a decree absolving Jews of collective guilt for the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.

In 1980, President Carter and Republican presidential nominee Ronald Reagan faced off in a nationally broadcast, 90-minute debate in Cleveland.

Ten years ago: The Atlanta Braves defeated the Cleveland Indians, 1-0, to win the World Series in Game 6. The Senate approved a GOP package of spending slashes and tax reductions, 52-47.

Five years ago: The party of moderate Ibrahim Rugova won Kosovo’s municipal elections. David Trimble, leader of Northern Ireland’s biggest Protestant party, narrowly won a crucial party battle, keeping alive the province’s power-sharing government.

One year ago: Insurgents executed 11 Iraqi soldiers and declared on an Islamic militant Web site that Iraqi fighters would avenge “the blood” of women and children killed in U.S. strikes on the guerrilla stronghold of Fallujah. Boston Red Sox fans turned out by the tens of thousands near historic Fenway Park to celebrate their World Series champion team, the city’s first since 1918.

Today’s Birthdays: Former baseball commissioner Bowie Kuhn is 79. Jazz singer Cleo Laine is 78. Actress Joan Plowright is 76. Musician-songwriter Charlie Daniels is 69. Actress Jane Alexander is 66. Singer Curtis Lee is 64. Actor Dennis Franz is 61. Pop singer Wayne Fontana is 60. Actress Telma Hopkins is 57. Olympic track and field gold medalist Bruce Jenner is 56. Actress Annie Potts is 53. Microsoft chairman Bill Gates is 50. Rock musician Stephen Morris (New Order) is 48. Country singer-musician Ron Hemby (The Buffalo Club) is 47. Rock singer-musician William Reid (The Jesus & Mary Chain) is 47. Actress Daphne Zuniga is 43. Actress Lauren Holly is 42. Olympic silver medal figure skater Paul Wylie is 41. Actress Jami Gertz is 40. Actor-comedian Andy Richter is 39. Actress Julia Roberts is 38. Country singer-musician Caitlin Cary is 37. Actor Jeremy Davies is 36. Singer Ben Harper is 36. Country singer Brad Paisley is 33. Actor Joaquin Phoenix is 31. “American Idol” singer Justin Guarini is 27.

Thought for Today: “Truth is not introduced into the individual from without, but was within him all the time.” — Soren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher (1813-1855).