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Today in history: November 10

Celebrity birthdays, highlights in history, plus more facts about this day
/ Source: The Associated Press

Today is Thursday, Nov. 10, the 314th day of 2005. There are 51 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On Nov. 10, 1775, the U.S. Marines were organized under authority of the Continental Congress.

On this date:
In 1871, journalist-explorer Henry M. Stanley found missing Scottish missionary David Livingstone in central Africa.

In 1919, the American Legion held its first national convention, in Minneapolis.

In 1928, Hirohito was enthroned as Emperor of Japan.

In 1942, Winston Churchill delivered a speech in London in which he said, “I have not become the King’s First Minister to preside over the liquidation of the British Empire.”

In 1954, the Iwo Jima Memorial was dedicated by President Eisenhower in Arlington, Va.

In 1969, the children’s educational program “Sesame Street” made its debut on PBS.

In 1975, the U.N. General Assembly approved a resolution equating Zionism with racism (the world body repealed the resolution in December 1991).

In 1975, the ore-hauling ship Edmund Fitzgerald and its crew of 29 vanished during a storm in Lake Superior.

In 1982, the newly finished Vietnam Veterans Memorial was opened to its first visitors in Washington, D.C.

In 1982, Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev died at age 75.

Ten years ago: Defying international appeals for clemency, Nigeria’s military rulers hanged playwright Ken Saro-Wiwa along with eight other anti-government activists. Searchers in Katmandu, Nepal, rescued 549 hikers after a massive avalanche struck the Himalayan foothills, killing 24 tourists and 32 Nepalese.

Five years ago: The battle over Florida’s disputed presidential election continued, with George W. Bush’s camp pressing Al Gore to concede without pursuing multiple recounts, and Democrats pressing ahead with protests, determined to find enough votes to erase Bush’s razor-thin lead in initial counting.

One year ago: Word reached the United States of the death of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat at age 75 (because of the time difference, it was the early hours of November 11 in Paris, where Arafat died). President Bush nominated White House counsel Alberto Gonzales to be attorney general, succeeding John Ashcroft. France, the United States and other nations began evacuating thousands of foreigners from Ivory Coast following attacks on civilians and peacekeeping troops.

Today’s Birthdays: Actor Russell Johnson is 81. Film composer Ennio Morricone is 77. Actor Roy Scheider is 73. Blues singer Bobby Rush is 71. Actor Albert Hall is 68. Lyricist Tim Rice is 61. Actress Alaina Reed-Hall is 59. Rock singer-musician Greg Lake (Emerson, Lake and Palmer) is 58. Actress-dancer Ann Reinking is 56. Actor Jack Scalia is 54. Movie director Roland Emmerich is 50. Actor Matt Craven is 49. Actor-comedian Sinbad is 49. Actress Mackenzie Phillips is 46. Author Neil Gaiman is 45. Actor Michael Jai White is 41. Country singer Chris Cagle is 37. Rapper-producer Warren G is 35. Rock singer-musician Jim Adkins (Jimmy Eat World) is 30. Actress Brittany Murphy is 28. Rapper Eve is 27. Rock musician Chris Jannou (Silverchair) is 26. Actor Bryan Neal is 25. Actress Heather Matarazzo is 23. Country singer Miranda Lambert is 22.

Thought for Today: “The mind will ever be unstable that has only prejudices to rest on, and the current will run with destructive fury when there are no barriers to break its force.” — Mary Wollstonecraft, English author (1759-1797).