Today is Sunday, Nov. 13, the 317th day of 2005. There are 48 days left in the year.
Today’s Highlight in History:
On Nov. 13, 1789, Benjamin Franklin wrote in a letter to a friend, “In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.”
On this date:
In 1775, during the American Revolution, U.S. forces captured Montreal.
In 1927, the Holland Tunnel opened to the public, providing access between New York City and New Jersey beneath the Hudson River.
In 1942, the minimum draft age was lowered from 21 to 18.
In 1956, the Supreme Court struck down laws calling for racial segregation on public buses.
In 1971, the U.S. space probe Mariner Nine went into orbit around Mars.
In 1977, the comic strip “Li’l Abner” by Al Capp appeared in newspapers for the last time.
In 1974, Karen Silkwood, a technician and union activist at the Kerr-McGee Cimarron plutonium plant near Crescent, Okla., died in a car crash while on her way to meet a reporter.
In 1982, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington.
In 1985, some 23,000 residents of Armero, Colombia, died when a gigantic mudslide buried the city.
In 1994, Sweden voted to join the European Union.
Ten years ago: Seven people, including five Americans, were killed when a bomb exploded at a military training facility in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The government braced for imminent partial shutdown as President Clinton vetoed one budget bill and prepared to reject another in a fiscal standoff with Republicans.
Five years ago: Lawyers for George W. Bush failed to win a court order barring manual recounts of ballots in Florida. Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris announced she would end the recounting at 5 p.m. Eastern time the next day — prompting an immediate appeal by lawyers for Al Gore. Joe Mullen and Denis Savard were among those inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame.
One year ago: Vice President Dick Cheney went to a hospital after experiencing shortness of breath; tests found nothing wrong. Rapper O.D.B. (real name: Russell Jones), a founding member of the Wu-Tang Clan, collapsed and died inside a recording studio in New York City; he was 35. Harry Lampert, the illustrator who created the D.C. Comics superhero The Flash, died in Boca Raton, Fla., at age 88.
Today’s Birthdays: Actress Madeleine Sherwood is 83. Producer-director Garry Marshall is 71. Country singer-songwriter Ray Wylie Hubbard is 59. Actor Joe Mantegna is 58. Actress Sheila Frazier is 57. Actress Frances Conroy is 52. Actress-comedian Whoopi Goldberg is 50. Actor Chris Noth is 49. Actress Caroline Goodall is 46. Rock musician Walter Kibby (Fishbone) is 41. Comedian Jimmy Kimmel is 38. Actor Steve Zahn is 37. Rock musician Nikolai Fraiture is 27.
Thought for Today: “Religion is an attempt, a noble attempt, to suggest in human terms more-than-human realities.” — Christopher Morley, American author-journalist (1890-1957).